Embassy of Ukraine in the United States of America

, Kyiv 18:05

Asia and Oceania countries

The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

1. Recognition of Ukraine.

The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan recognized the Independence of Ukraine on December 24, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations.

Diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan were established on April 17, 1995.

3. Political relations.

Relations between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan are based on commonly recognized principles and norms of international law.

In June 2015  in Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine a group of friendship  with Wolesi Jirga of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan consisting of 10 persons was formed. The head of the Ukraine parliamentary friendship group is Mustafa Nayem Massi, co-chairman of the faction of the party «Petro Poroshenko Bloc».

4. Trade and economic relations.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, during the first half of 2015 trade turnover in goods and services between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan equaled $ 5.8 million and increased compared to similar period of 2014 on $0.4 million or 6.9%. Export of goods to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan equaled $5.5 million and increased   compared to similar period of 2014 on $ 0.4 million or 7.1%.

 The most perspective directions of the Ukrainian-Afghan cooperation are:

- supply of pipe products for the construction of pipelines in Afghanistan, in particular that of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India;

- supply of equipment for the construction of the railway Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Turkmenistan;

- participation of the Ukrainian organizations and companies in the supply of equipment for the project CASA-1000;

- construction of hydro, wind and helio power stations;

- supply of agricultural products, particularly cereals, flour, confectionery products.

5. Treaty and legal basis.

Total number of treaties and legal documents signed between Ukraine and the IRA amounts to 3.

6. Ukrainian community.

Most citizens of Ukraine residing permanently or temporarily in Afghanistan are afghans who received the Ukrainian citizenship.

7. Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (http://tajikistan.mfa. gov.ua/ua).

The Commonwealth of Australia

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 26 December 1991.

2. Diplomatic relations established: 10 January 1992.

3. Political Relations:

Relations between Ukraine and Australia are characterised by a high level of trust and cooperation. Australia has adopted a proactive stance in support of Ukraine on the international arena. A dynamic political dialogue exists between the two countries, including at the highest level. Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko paid a state visit to Australia on 10-12 December 2014. Ukraine was visited 22 July – 10 August and 12-14 August 2014 on working visits by Angus Houston, appointed by Australia’s Prime Minister to investigate the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17; and working visits on 24-25 July and 27 July – 1 August 2014 by Julie Bishop, Australia’s Minister for Foreign Affairs.

On 15 May 2014 a Parliamentary Friendship Group of the 44th Australian Parliament was formed called the “Parliamentary Friends Supporting Democracy in Ukraine”. The Parliamentary Friendship Group consists of 27 Australian Members of Parliament.

4.Trade and Economic Relations:

According to figures from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in January-June 2015 total turnover in goods between the two countries amounted to US $99.2 million; exports were US $6.7 million (down 16.7%), imports – US $92.5 million (up  91.3%); with a trade deficit of US $ 85.8 million.

The main export categories of Ukrainian goods to Australia in January-June 2015 were: mineral, chemical and nitrogenous fertilizers, nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery, yachts and other marine craft;

The main imports from Australia were: mineral fuels, oil and oil refining products, ores, slag and ash; Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery;

As at 31.12.2014 US $2.1 million had been invested in Ukraine’s economy by Australia. Compared to the years 2012-2013 there was practically no growth in investment.

The largest volume of Australian investments in Ukraine were in the wholesale and retail trade sector; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles – US $1,222,600 (71,1 % of total investments). In 2014 the growth of Australian investment in this sphere of economic activity amounted to US $58,000.

Australia invested US $218,200 in the field of professional, scientific and technical activity, which was 12.7% of total investments.

An investment of US $9,800 was made by Australia in information technology and telecommunications, representing 0.6% of total investments.

No investments by Ukraine in the Australian economy were registered in 2014.

Australia invested in the following projects in Ukraine: OJSC “Minova Ukraina” (Donetsk Region); the company “Amcor Tobacco Packaging Ukraine” (Kharkiv Region); the company “Hawkley Oil & Gas Limited” (Dnipro-Donetsk oil and gas field); a joint project between the Lviv Polytechnic National University and the Australian company “Fielden Management Services” in the field of new technologies and information systems (Lviv Region); Lugansk Gold Ltd. (Luhansk Region).

5.Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

In Canberra there a sculptural composition called “Shevchenko’s Ballads” and the model of St. Andrew’s Church in Kyiv was installed in the Cockington Green Gardens.

On 2011 the Senate of Australia’s Parliament passed a resolution regarding the marking of the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.

The annual “Hopak in the Park” festival was held on 26 April 2014 at the Sidney Myer Music Bowl in Melbourne. The festivities were organized with the assistance of the Australian Federation of Ukrainian Organisations.

In 2011 poems “Shadows of Reading” of writer Les Wicks was translated into Ukrainian by Yuri Zavadsky and published in Ukraine and a book titled “Taste of Ukraine” about the traditions in Ukrainian cuisine was published on 3 November 2013 in Sydney.

On 2013 a conference was held under the auspices of the Mykola Zerov Centre for Ukrainian Studies at Monash University titled "Language, Culture and Identity." The event was attended by the largest number of scholars of Ukrainian ever to have assembled in Australia, including representatives from Australian, Canadian, Italian and New Zealand universities and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

On 2014 Monash University hosted a round table titled “What Future for Ukraine??” which was devoted to the events on the Maidan.

In 2014 the Ukrainian community widely celebrated the 200th anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko.

On 2014 the head of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church, His Beatitude Sviatoslav (Shevchuk) undertook a pastoral visit to Australia.

In Canberra the head of the UGCC met with government representatives and the opposition, as well as the Australian-Ukrainian Friendship Group, which consists of Australian Members of Parliament.

6.Scientific and Educational Cooperation

According to the Australian Government Department of Education and Training, since Ukraine’s independence eight Australian universities have conducted separate projects with Ukraine in the fields of metal physics, optical physics, geology, chemistry, health and so on. Ukrainian scientists participated individually in various university projects.

The Mykola Zerov Centre for Ukrainian Studies was established at Monash University in Melbourne. Australian students are able to study Ukrainian language and culture at the Centre, and subsequently improve their knowledge in these areas at any number of Ukraine’s tertiary institutions. In 2008 the Centre began awarding scholarships to students to encourage them to study Ukrainian. As at 2014 eight such scholarships have been awarded.

During 2010-2012 with the assistance of the Australian Research Council, was realized a research program in Ukrainian Studies for titled “Bilingualism and Multilingualism in a National Movement: Ukrainian Writers in the Nineteenth Century”.

On 2010 the Petro Jacyk International Ukrainian Language Competition for children and teenagers aged 9 to 21 was conducted in Australia for the first time. Since then the competition has been held annually.

In 2013 the New South Wales State Government confirmed that it would continue funding the teaching of Ukrainian in schools to students of years 11 and 12 for a further three years.

During 2013-2015 the Mykola Zerov Centre for Ukrainian Studies and the Association of Ukrainians in Victoria have continued to support the project “A New History of Ukrainian Literature”.

7. Agreements and Legal Documents:  number of current documents -6.

1. An agreement on the establishment of consular relations between Ukraine and Australia.

2. An Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation between Ukraine and Australia.

3.  Bilateral Protocol for market access in goods and services between Ukraine and Australia.

4. Memorandum of understanding and principles of cooperation between the chambers of commerce and industry of Ukraine and Australia.

5. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Service of Ukraine and the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre on cooperation in the exchange of financial information related to the legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime and the financing of terrorism.

6. Agreement between Ukraine and Australia allowing Australia to dispatch personnel to Ukraine in connection with the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 (signed on 24 July 2014, ratified by the Ukrainian Parliament on 31 July 2014, and effective on 11 August 2014).

8.  Ukrainian Community: According to the census of 2011, Australia’s Ukrainian community numbers 13,990 people, of whom 7,761 speak Ukrainian.

But according to information held by the Australian Federation of Ukrainian Organisations (AFUO) the number of Australians of Ukrainian descent as at 2014 is 38,791. Ukrainians make up the 35th largest ethnic group in Australia.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in Australia http://australia.mfa.gov.ua/en

The People's Republic of Bangladesh

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 29 December 1991

2. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: 24 February 1992

3. Political relations: bilateral cooperation between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is built on the principles of mutual benefit and respect for sovereignty. Among Ukrainian-Bangladeshi official meetings in 2014 should be noted visit of the Minister of food and disaster management of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in Ukraine and representatives from the PJSC State Food and Grain Corporation of Ukraine in Bangladesh.

4. Trade-economic relations:

Taking in account that the main items of Ukrainian export to Bangladesh are agricultural products, as an important achievement in promotion of bilateral trade should be considered the conclusion in 2011 of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of agrarian policy and food of Ukraine and the Ministry of food of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh on cooperation in procurement of certain types of agricultural products, which gave a significant impetus to the growth of Ukrainian export of agricultural products to the Bangladeshi market.

In 2014 trade turnover with Bangladesh reached 220 million USA dollars. Import from Bangladesh amounted to 68 million USA dollars, Ukrainian export reached the level of 152,9 million USA dollars.

5. The legal base:

The legal base between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh consists of two international documents: Protocol on establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

6. Ukraine diplomatic functions in the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (concurrently) takes Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India (New Delhi) http://india.mfa.gov.ua/ua

Brunei Darussalam

1. Date of recognition: on 3 of October 1997.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations: on 3 of October 1997.

3. Political relations:

On 9-11 of July 2003 – the visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Brunei Darussalam;

On 7-9 of March 2004 – the visit of the President of Ukraine to Brunei Darussalam;

On 17-20 of June 2004 – the reciprocal visit of His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei in Ukraine;

On 29-31 of March 2011 – the State visit of the President of Ukraine to Brunei Darussalam.

4. Trade and economy:

Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and Brunei is insignificant due to the tiny volume of the market and its mono-economy.

5. Cultural exchanges:

Joint projects in this sphere have been never implemented.

Tourism is likely to be the only prospective sphere, especially due to the legal bases between two sides (mutual visa free regime).

6. Scientific and education:

Actually, cooperation in this sphere until now has not been set up.

7. Treaty Legal frameworks of the relations between Ukraine and Brunei Darussalam consists of 6 documents, among them:

Agreement (in form of exchange of notes) on establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Brunei Darussalam (October 3, 1997).

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam on promotion and reciprocal protection of investments (April 25, 2006).

Agreement (in form of exchange of notes) between the Cabinet of Ministries of Ukraine and the Government of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam on mutual abolition of visas for citizens who use passports to travel abroad (November 2, 2011).

Memorandum of Understanding between the Cabinet of Ministries of Ukraine and the Government of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam on cooperation in the field of defense (September 15, 2012).

8. Ukrainian community:

There is no Ukrainian community in Brunei Darussalam.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Singapore:  http://singapore.mfa.gov.ua/ua

The Kingdom of Cambodia

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 27, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 23, 1992

3. Political relations

Communication between two countries is performed through the Embassy of Ukraine in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine in 2014 the bilateral trade turnover between Ukraine and Cambodia was14.78 million USD, (+3,4%  compared to 2013). Ukraine's export to Cambodia in 2014 was 2 million USD (increase in 7,4 times comparing to 2013 indicators), Ukraine’s import from Cambodia is 12.78 million US dollars (decrease by -8.9% comparing to 2013). The trade deficit for Ukraine in 2014 was 10,78 million USD.

In the first half of 2015 total trade turn over between Ukraine and Cambodia accounted for 4,45 million USD. Export is 0.25 million USD (-61,2% to January-June of 2014). Import is 4,2 million USD (-25,9% to January-June of 2014). Trade balance in the first half of 2015 is -3,95 million USD.

Ukrainian enterprises can potentially participate in design, construction and manufacturing of energy, industrial and transport utilities, in supply of construction equipment, trucks, machinery etc. Export of food industry products (dry milk, grains etc.). Of special interest to Ukrainian business community is the development of energy sector.

5. Legal basis of Ukraine and Cambodia relations

The current legal framework of bilateral relations has 2 agreements.

 1. Agreement (in the form of exchange of notes) between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Cambodia on the establishing of diplomatic relations (April, 3rd, 1992).

2. Agreement between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Ministry of Public Works of the Kingdom of Cambodia on the recognition of the sailors’ certificates of degree (March 11th, 2002).

6. Embassy of Ukraine in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

http://vietnam.mfa.gov.ua/en

The People's Republic of China

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 27 December 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 4 January 1992.

3. Political relations:

Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China established strategic partnership relations.  

China supports Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Ukraine remains firmly committed to “one China” policy.

During the last state visit of the President of China to Ukraine in 2011 the Joint Declaration on Establishment and Development of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China was signed.

Within the framework of the state visit of the President of Ukraine to China in 2013 the head of Sates signed Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China, Joint Declaration on Further Deepening of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China, and approved the Program of Development of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China for the 2014-2018.

In January 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko met with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in the framework of the Davos World Economic Forum. In October 2014 Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin held a meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in the margins of the Milan ASEM Summit.

The parliaments of the two countries actively develop inter-parliamentary cooperation. Ukraine – China inter-parliamentary contact group headed by people’s deputy Andriy Pavelko established in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The group of friendship with Ukraine led by Fu Yin, the Head of the Committee of Foreign Affairs, exists in the Chinese National People’s Congress. In the framework of inter-parliamentary contacts the Ukrainian MPs group headed by Yuriy Lutsenko visited China in June 2015. 

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Foreign trade cooperation between Ukraine and China is governed by the Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement between Government of Ukraine and Government of the People’s Republic of China (1992) that states the setting of most favorable regime regarding the duties levy for exported and imported goods of both countries as well as taxes and other domestic dues. 

 Statistics. 2014 showed the goods turnover between Ukraine and China (data of the State  statistics Service of Ukraine) 8.1 bln. USD. The exported goods amount from Ukraine was 2.7 bln. USD showing decline of 0,6%, imported goods amount was 5.4 bln. USD and declined 27.4%. Bilateral foreign trade balance in favor of China made 2.7 bln. USD.     

The leading positions of Chinese imports in 2014 were as follows: mechanical equipment, machines, installations and mechanisms (30.8%), textile and textile items (15.3%), nonprecious metals and produced items (10.2%), polymer materials, plastics and rubbers (8.6%), various goods and items, mostly furniture, lightings, toys etc. (6,5%), shoes, hats, umbrellas (6,5%), chemicals (5.7%).

The leading positions of Ukrainian exports for 2014 continued the traditional trend and were as follows: minerals - mostly iron ores, slags and ashes, energetic materials etc. (65.9%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (12.9%), phytogenous products, mostly grains (8.7%), timber and produced items (7.0%), mechanical equipment, machines, installations and mechanisms (2.0%), nonprecious metals and produced items (1.1%). The other goods positions of Ukrainian exports to China did not exceed 1% of the total export structure.

Six month of 2015 showed the trade turnover between Ukraine and China on the level of 2.67 bln. USD. Goods exports amount from Ukraine made 1.14 bln,USD (-12,8%), imports amounted to 1.53 bln.USD and declined 28,4%. Bilateral foreign trade balance in favor of Ukraine made US 390.44 mln. USD.

The growth of Ukrainian goods export to China was at the account of export supplies increase of phytogenous products, mostly grains, by almost 8 times (727%), mechanical equipment, machines, installations and mechanisms by 23% and animal or vegetable fats and oils by 14%.

As per 01.01.2015 the amount of Chinese FDI in economy of Ukraine made US 24 million (above amount shrank by US 1.6 million since the beginning of year). The greatest share of investments was allocated to the industrial enterprises – 30.5%, including wood processing industry (20%), agriculture (20%), transport (15%), wholesale and retail trade (14%).    

Big business structures presented in Ukraine/China. The following Chinese manufacturers of telecommunication equipment established their offices in Ukraine: Huawei, ZTE, Xinwei. The representative offices of Ukrainian companies such as Ukrspetzexport, Motor-Sich, FED, Creative Group, Corum Group do their business in China. 

Prospective investment projects. The following real projects are or to be implemented in Ukraine at the account of Chinese export loans: 

1) Fulfillment of contract on the realization of National Project “Air Express – organization of railway passenger connection Kyiv-Boryspil International Airport and construction of other infrastructure objects of Kyiv Oblast” (project value – US 372 million);

2)  Realization of joint projects in the frameworks of the Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine and Export-Import Bank of China on the cooperation in agriculture under the loan amounting to US 3 billion;

3) Realization of joint projects in energy industry in the frameworks of Loan Agreement between NJSC Naftogaz of Ukraine and China Development Bank amounting to US 3.65 billion, including Construction of Coal Gasification facilities at Odessa portside plant, modernization of a number of Ukrainian TPPs, Construction of the Poland-Ukraine gas interconnector pipeline, modernization of Shebelinka Gas Processing Refinery.

4) Implementation of pilot project on construction of social housing in Kyiv under mortgage loan amounting to US 1 billion in frameworks of Memorandum of Understanding on the cooperation in building the allowable housing in Ukraine between Ministry of Regional Development, Building and Housing of Ukraine and Chinese state company CITIC Construction Co., Ltd.

The prospective strategic area for economic cooperation is direct involvement of Ukraine into the implementation of President of the People’s Republic of China initiative concerning the building of Economic belt of Great Silk Road.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and China:

The main mechanism of developing cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian spheres is the Subcommission on Cooperation in the Cultural field. The last, 2nd meeting of the Subcommission took place in September 2013. During the said meeting the Sides signed the Program on Cultural Cooperation between the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine and the Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China for 2013-2017.

In 2002 and 2004 the Days of Ukrainian culture in China were held. Subsequently, in 2010 and 2011the Days of Chinese culture were held in Ukraine.

Signing in December 2013 the Memorandum between the tourist agencies of Ukraine and China to promote organization of group travel of Chinese citizens to Ukraine opened new broad prospects for future cooperation in the sphere of tourism.

Since the beginning of 2015 a number of cultural events took place in China:

- cultural and artistic exhibitions (painting, drawing, etc.); 

- round tables on topical issues regarding Ukraine;

- film screenings, lectures for students of Chinese Universities;

- presentation of famous Ukrainian bands of classical and popular music, including meetings with Chinese producers, negotiations between Ukrainian and Chinese art managers, artists, etc;

- celebration of festive events and holding of memorial days of Ukraine together with local government representatives and social activists.

- exhibition of children's art "Peace and War";

- charity concert of modern Ukrainian music band from Lviv "LaVivo"; 

- charity auction of Ukrainian art. 

6. Cooperation between Ukraine and China in fields of sciences and technology, space and education:

Cooperation between Ukraine and China in the fields of sciences and technology, space and education is in the priorities of our bilateral relations.

The Sides are competing the third Programme on Space Cooperation (for 2011-2015) and are working on the new fourth document.

In 2012 a renewed Agreement on cooperation in education field was signed between the Ministries of education of Ukraine and China, according to which the state students exchange quota was increased to 100 scholarships.

There are already 5 Confucius institutes in different universities (Kyiv, Luhansk, Kharkiv and Odessa) and the sides plane to open new ones.

Several Ukrainian centers are functioning in China. Recently were established the following centers:

- Ukraine-China Centre on transfer of shipbuilding technology was created by Science and Technology University of Jiangsu province and Ukrainian National Shipbuilding University of Mykolaiv in 2012 in Zhejiang Province.

- Shevchenko Centre on Ukraine-China cultural relations was opened in 2014 in Tianjin and the Center of Ukrainian studies named after Taras Shevchenko was established in the University of Foreign Studies and in Dalian University of Foreign Languages (Liaoning Province).

7. Legal basis of bilateral relations:

The Sides have signed more than 290 documents, the most important of which are Joint Communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China (04.01.92), Joint Ukrainian-Chinese communiques (31.10.92 and 24.06.95), Joint (Kiev) Declaration between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China (06.09.94), Declaration on development and intensification of friendship and cooperation between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China (04.12.95), Joint Declaration of Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China on friendship and comprehensive cooperation in 21st century (21.07.01), Joint (Beijing) Declaration of Ukraine and China (18.11.02), Joint Statement by Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China regarding the comprehensive increase of Ukrainian-Chinese relations of friendship and cooperation (02.09.10), Basic Directions of the development of relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China for 2010-2012 (02.09.10), Joint Declaration on the establishment and development of strategic partnership between Ukraine and China (20.06.11) and Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and China, Joint Declaration to further deepen the strategic partnership and Program of the development of strategic partnership between Ukraine and China in 2014-2018 years (all three documents – 05.12.2013) are the key bilateral documents, which regulate the political relations between Ukraine and China.

Ukrainian-Chinese relations in the field of consular relations are regulated by a number of bilateral agreements:

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the citizens’ mutual trips 02.03.1993;

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on visa-free regime for official trips 02.03.1993;

Consular Convention between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China 19.01.1994;

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on mutual establishment of consulates general 02.03.2000;

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on mutual abolition of visa requirements 04.09.2010;

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the establishment of the Consulate General of Ukraine in Guangzhou 18.06.2011;

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of China on mutual abolition of visa requirements for crew members of airlines 17.05.2012.

8. Ukrainian community:

The is no Ukrainian diaspora in China. As of August 2015 Consular Section have registered about 695 Ukrainians that are temporary living or studying in China (approximately 25% - students, 15% - employees under contract, 60% - the wives and children of Chinese citizens).

A number of Ukrainian students which are studying in China increase year on year (2,245 in 2014/15 scholar year). In Beijing, Shanghai and other cities of China some Ukrainian associations are established with no formal structure. The activities of such associations include organization of different cultural and patriotic activities.

9. Diplomatic missions of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the People’s Republic of China

http://china.mfa.gov.ua

The Consulate General of Ukraine in Shanghai (China)

http://shanghai.mfa.gov.ua

Consulate General of Ukraine in Guangzhou

http://guangzhou.mfa.gov.ua

The Republic of India

Ukraine was recognized by the Republic of India as a sovereign independent state on December 26, 1991. On January 17, 1992 Protocol on the Establishment of the Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of India was signed.

In May 1992, Embassy of the Republic of India in Kyiv was established. In February, 1993 Embassy of Ukraine in New Delhi was launched.

Political contacts

Visits of Ukrainian and Indian Presidents:

March 25-29, 1992 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. L.M.Kravchuk, President of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

July 13-16, 1993 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. S.D.Sharma, President of the Republic of India to Ukraine.

October 2-5, 2002 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. L.D.Kuchma, President of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

June 1-4, 2005 - Official visit of H.E. Dr. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, President of the Republic of India to Ukraine.

December 9-12, 2012 - State visit of H.E. Mr. Viktor Yanukovych, President of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

Visits of Speakers of Parliaments of Ukraine and Republic of India:

December, 1-4, 2003 - Official visit of Ukrainian Parliamentary Delegation led by H.E. Dr. V.M.Lytvyn, Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

Visits of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine:

April, 18-21, 1994 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. A.M.Zlenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

April, 7-8, 1997 - Visit of H.E. Mr. G.Y.Udovenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India (participation in Conference of Non-Alignment Movement).

August, 11-12, 2003 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. A.M.Zlenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

November 24-27, 2011 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. K.I.Gryshchenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

Intergovernmental Commission:

On November 13, 2013 the Fifth Session of the Ukraine-India Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological, Industrial and Cultural Cooperation (UIIGC) was held in New Delhi. Ukrainian delegation was headed by the Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, H.E. Mr. Ihor Prasolov.

Political consultations:

September 22, 2010 – The eighth round of the political consultations between the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in New Delhi.

The legal basis of bilateral relations

Legal basis of bilateral relations between Ukraine and India is comprised of 19 agreements. 22 draft agreements are under consideration of both sides.

Trade and economic relations

Trade turnover between Ukraine and India during 6 month of 2015 comprised USD 949,9 ml., export – 721,9 ml, import to Ukraine – USD 228,0  ml.

“Arcelor Mittal” owned by Indian entrepreneur Lakshmi Mittal invested USD 5.8 bln in formerly state-owned Ukrainian enterprise “Kryvorizhstal” and is one of the biggest foreign investors in Ukraine

Among other prominent Indian investors into Ukrainian economy are «Tata Motors» (assembling automobiles and buses), «Ranbaxy», «Torrent», «Dr.Reddy Labs» and «Lupin» (pharmaceuticals). Altogether there are 55 companies with Indian capital working in Ukraine. According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, as of January 2010 direct foreign investment from India to Ukraine comprised USD 19,7 ml.

One of the leading Ukrainian companies working in India is “Ukrindustria” with USD 440 ml contract fore coke-chemical plant in Nagarnar. Active in Indian market are also “Azovmash”, “NKMZ”, “Interpipe” and “Turboatom”. JSK “Zaporizhtransformator” won a number of tenders for “Power Grid India” projects worth about USD 40 ml.

State Foreign Trade Enterprise “SpetsTechnoExport” together with “Antonov” State Company and State Enterprise “Plant 410 Civil Aviation” are implementing biggest contract in the history of Ukraine – India relations for repair and modernization of 105 Indian AN-32 aircrafts.

Ukrainian “Dnipropress” company is working to supply heavy press for “BHEL” plant in Haridwar.

Scientific and technological cooperation

The Intergovernmental Agreement on Cooperation in the fields of Science and Technology was signed in 1992.  After its expiration in 2006 the new bilateral Agreement on Scientific & Technological Cooperation was signed on December 10, 2012.

The current bilateral collaboration between the two countries is based mainly on the Program for the period 2012-2014, which encompasses 10 projects in the spheres astrophysics, biotechnology, material science, medicine, renewable energy etc.

The Agreement on Scientific Cooperation between the National Academy of Science of Ukraine and Indian National Science Academy was signed in 2003.

The exhibitions «Materials Science and Related Problems» (Hyderabad, March 2003) and Days of Science and Technologies of Ukraine (New Delhi, December 2004) highlighted achievements of Ukrainian research institutions, higher education establishments and design bureaus, their advanced scientific exploratory developments and state-of-the-art technologies.

On April 22, 2013 the 6th meeting of Ukraine – India Joint Committee for Science and Technology was held in New Delhi. During the meeting both sides reached agreement on enhanced mechanism for facilitating of researches’ exchange within the framework of joint scientific projects. Priority research areas for the forthcoming period were identified, including biotechnologies & biomedicine, information & telecommunication technologies, nanotechnologies & new materials, energy & power resources, high energy physics & astrophysics.

On June 10, 2014 the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Republic of India on scientific and technological cooperation was acted into force.

Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Since 1957 Indian students were studying in Ukrainian universities. In 2013-2014 academic year more than 3,000 Indian citizens received higher education in Ukraine, mainly in the field of medical studies.

During the state visit of the President of Ukraine H.E. Mr. Viktor Yanukovych to India Ukrainian cultural program was held in New Delhi. It included art exhibition of the Head of Ukrainian Roerich Society Mr. Volodymyr Kozar "From Carpathians to Himalayas" and dance performance of "Amrita" group's leader Ms. Elina Abakarova.

In recent years Indian schoolchildren regularly participate in the International Children Festival "Let's Change World for the Better" at the InternationalChildrenCenter "Artek" in Crimea. On July 29 - August 1, 2013 10 children from “DelhiPublic School” participated in the festival.

Embassy of Ukraine in India - http://india.mfa.gov.ua/ua

The Republic of Indonesia

1. Indonesia recognized the Independence of Ukraine on December 28, 1991.

2. Diplomatic relations were established on June 11, 1992.

3. Political relations

Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia are developing in the spirit of friendliness and mutual understanding. The Republic of Indonesia is supporting the state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine in the context of the illegal occupation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation, and of the Russian aggression in eastern Ukraine.

The state visit of the President of Ukraine to the Republic of Indonesia as well as official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of Indonesia took place in 1996. The Indonesian Minister of Defence and Security of Indonesia visited Ukraine in 1996 as well.

In 1998 the Ministries of foreign affairs of the two countries held political consultations in Jakarta. In 2003 and 2006 the political consultations took place in Kyiv. In 2010 the Ukrainian-Indonesian “round table” on issues pertaining to bilateral relations took place in Kyiv.

In 2005 the Governor of Jakarta visited Kyiv on the invitation of the Head of the Kyiv State Administration. In 2007 the delegation of the Kyiv City State Administration visited Jakarta. The parties signed an agreement on cooperation between Kyiv and Jakarta.

On May 30th 2006, in connection with the devastating consequences of the 28.05.2006 earthquake in the Central Java, the President of Ukraine issued a Decree “On the humanitarian assistance to the Republic of Indonesia”.

In 2010 on the sidelines of the International Conference on Afghanistan, the Ministers for foreign affairs of Ukraine and Indonesia met in London.

In 2012 the Presidents of Ukraine and Indonesia met in Seoul on the sidelines of the Second Nuclear Safety Summit. The parties agreed to develop comprehensive cooperation between the two countries.

In 2013 the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia met on the sidelines of the 68th UN GA session in New York. The parties discussed the development of political dialogue, the expansion of the legal basis of the bilateral relations, and exchange of support within the international organizations.

In 2013 for the first time since the founding of bilateral relations, an Indonesian parliamentary delegation led by the Head of the Indonesian Parliament visited Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic cooperation.

Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and Indonesia is being broadening and diversifying.

According to the State Committee for Statistics of Ukraine, the trade turnover between Indonesia and Ukraine for January-June 2015 reached 97.3 million USD.

Ukrainian export to Indonesia added up to 18.5 million USD. The basis of export remains metallurgical products – 7.7 million USD (41.8% from the total export). Export of wheat flour increased by 35% and reached 2.7 million USD (14.7% from total export).

The main Indonesian export commodities are palm oil (41.2 million USD or 52.4% from the total export), electrical machines (5.4 million USD or 6.8%), cocoa (4.4 million USD or 5.6%), as well as papers and textiles.

In the first semester of 2015 a number of Ukrainian business delegations visited Indonesia. These delegations participated in the international exhibitions, presentations of the export potential and production capacities of Ukraine.

The highly potential spheres for bilateral economic cooperation are:

- Energy

- Transport, mechanical engineering

- Mining

- Defence

-Aviation

- Agriculture

The third Ukrainian-Indonesian Intergovernmental Commission on Economic and Technical Cooperation is being prepared by the Parties to be held in Kyiv.

5. Cooperation in the spheres of culture and education.

Ukraine and Indonesia are taking measures to assure the development of the legal basis in terms of education. At the moment a draft agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the sphere of education, which forms the basis of further cooperation, is being deliberated by the competent agencies within both countries.

In 2015 for the first time in the history of bilateral relations, an agreement on cooperation between Ukrainian and Indonesian higher education institutions – the Kharkiv National V.N. Karazin University, and the Gadjah Mada University of Jogjakarta – has been signed.

During the 2014-15 academic year 17 Ukrainian students took part in the Indonesian government culture and language program "Darmasiswa". Both countries regard this form of cooperation very positively and express desire to increase the number of Ukrainian representatives in the future.

In 2015 Ukraine once again took part in the biggest festival of European cinema in the South-East Asia “Europe on Screen”, this time with the historical film “The Guide”.

The Embassy regularly conducts lectures on topics related to Ukraine at prominent universities in Indonesia. The Embassy also assists Indonesian students who write scientific papers on topics related to Ukraine.

Ukraine and Indonesia are currently reviewing a draft agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Indonesia on cooperation in the sphere of tourism, the completion of which will boost bilateral relations in the given field.

In 2014 around 4 thousand Ukrainians visited Indonesia, and 300 Indonesians visited Ukraine.

6. Legal Basis and Bilateral Agreements.

Quantity of documents: 18

Key documents

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on promotion and protection of investments (11.04.1996).

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on avoiding double taxation and preventing tax evasion in income tax (11.04.1996).

- Agreement on Cooperation between sister-cities Kyiv and Jakarta (21.06.2007).

- Agreement on Cooperation between the National Space Agency of Ukraine and LAPAN Indonesia on cooperation in exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes (06.11.2008).

7. There is no organized Ukrainian community in Indonesia so far.

8. The Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Indonesia - http://indonesia.mfa.gov.ua/en/

The Islamic Republic of Iran

1.  Recognition of Ukraine: 25 December 1991

2. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: 22 January 1992

3. Political relations:

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Iran both countries maintained active dialogue. Evidence of this was the exchange of numerous official visits at various levels.

Bilateral cooperation is built on the principles of mutual benefit and respect for sovereignty.

Among Ukrainian-Iranian official meetings should be noted: official visit of the Foreign Minister of IRI to Ukraine (03-04.02.2004), official visit of the Secretary of the National Security Council of Ukraine to Iran (11-13.07.2005), meeting of Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and the IRI during the session of the UN (2006., 2014.), the third meeting of the Committee on trade between Ukraine and the IRI (17-18.11.2007, Ukrainian delegation was headed by Deputy Minister of Economy of Ukraine V.T.P'yatnytskyy); Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine Hryhoriy Nemyria, Minister of Foreign Affairs of IRI M.Mottaki (20.01.2008r., Tbilisi, as part of activities to mark the inauguration of the President of Georgia).

In addition, government delegations exchange took place through individual ministries and departments of Ukraine, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Industrial Policy, Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Energy and Coal, National Bank, Ministry of Culture and other government agencies.

On the 11.06.2011 the Ukrainian-Iranian political consultations at the level of directors of political departments of the two countries took place in Kyiv.

In the framework of inter-parliamentary cooperation and political dialogue in 2011 a visit to Iran of the delegation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, headed by Deputy Chairman of Parliament M. Tomenko, was made. 12-13.12.2011r. in Kiev held consultations at the level of directors of territorial departments.

On the 08.06.2012 Foreign Minister Gryshchenko held a short protocol meeting with the Deputy Foreign Minister of IRI B.Kamolvandi, who was in Kiev on working visit in connection with the official opening of the reconstructed building of the IRI Embassy in Ukraine.

The signing of the Comprehensive Joint Action Plan (CJAP) on the IRI's nuclear program and its approval by the UNSC is an opportunity for mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation with Iran.

4. Trade-economic relations:

Iran is an important trade partner of Ukraine. It’s share in the total Ukrainian foreign trade in the first half of 2015 exceeded 1.1%.

Thus, the amount of Iran-Ukraine foreign trade surplus in January-June 2015 amounted up to 367 million USA dollars, which was the 8th such a result among the foreign trade partners of our country.

It should also be noted that in 2015 there existed a rising tendency in Ukrainian exports to the IRI. Thus, in the first half of 2015 its volume was 383.603 million USA dollars, which is 30% more than in the corresoinding period of 2014.

The main items of Ukrainian exports to Iran are agricultural products, namely cereals and vegetable oils. In addition, domestic producers created quite a strong position in the segment of industrial production, namely “Zorya-Mashproekt” and JSC ‘Sumy Scientific and Production Association”. They are one of the leaders in the supply to Iran of power equipment for the oil and gas sector, especially gas turbines. Also today Ukraine is the only country with which Iran has a joint aviation project. From the Ukrainian side the participants in this project are the State JSC “Antonov”, SE "Ivchenko-Progress", JSC "Motor Sich", Kharkiv State Aviation Production Enterprise (HDAVP), and from Iran - Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company “HESA” and the Iranian aircraft construction company (IACC - "Iran Aircraft Industries").

5. Cultural-humanitarian cooperation:

Cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and Iran in 2015 is developing not very intensively, mainly in the fields of art and sport.

As part of the exchange between universities on a regular basis visits to Iran of the Teachers’ National Music Academy of Ukraine and the Tchaikovsky and Kyiv Institute of Music after R.Glier were held.

Also from the 8th to the 12th of March 2015 in Tehran the 9th  International Animated Film Festival was held, in which participated 96 projects from more than 25 countries. The competitive part of the festival was attended by two Ukrainian animated films - «One old man decided to marry» by director Y.Borysenka and  «The Gum» by director O.Makarchuk.

6.     Legal base:

The legal basis of Ukrainian-Iranian relations covers a wide range of issues for further development of mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields.

As on August 2015, it has 35 existing documents, namely interstate - 9; intergovernmental - 9; interoffice - 17.

Key documents:

1. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on cooperation in the oil and gas industry (01/07/1992)

2. Agreement on international road transport between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (10/16/1995)

3. Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on cooperation in culture, education and science (09/10/1997)

4. Air Transport Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (02/14/2000)

5. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital (07/21/2001)

6. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on cooperation in tourism (22.05.2002)

7. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments (05.07.2003)

8. Agreement on maritime merchant shipping between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (05/27/2004)

9. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on mutual assistance in customs matters (23.03.2005)

10. Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on legal relations and legal assistance in civil and criminal matters (31.08.2007)

11. Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons (11.01.2008)

12. Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on extradition (17.07.2008).

 7. Ukrainian community:

The total estimated number of citizens of Ukraine who are in Iran in connection with employment - 511 persons, 57% of the total estimated number of Ukrainian in Iran (900 people).

8. Embassy of Ukraine in the Islamic Republic of Iran http://iran.mfa.gov.ua/ua

Japan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 28, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 26, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Mutual approaches and positions concerning solution of many current international matters and the absence of political problems between Ukraine and Japan encourage further development the cooperation in different spheres. Japan strongly condemned the Russian aggression against Ukraine and illegal occupation of the territory of our country and joined the regime of international sanctions against Russia. Japan is an influential member of key international organizations, including the G7, IMF, OECD as well as promising trade, economic partner, leading international creditor and a center of foreign investment. This creates a favorable foundation for the development of cooperation in trade and economic, scientific, humanitarian, educational and other fields. Japan provides Ukraine a significant technical and financial assistance, grants both directly and through projects of international organizations to strengthen democratic institutions, administrative and economic reforms, development of culture, education, medicine and infrastructure in our country.

The political contacts between our countries are developing dynamically. On 5-6 June, 2015 Prime Minister of Japan Sinzo Abe paid an official visit to Ukraine. The sides also conduct an active dialogue at the level of foreign ministers. On 17 July, 2014 Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan Fumio Kishida visited Ukraine. On 2-3 March, 2015 Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin paid an official visit to Japan.

After the tragedy at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" in 2011 Ukraine and Japan commenced cooperation through the "Fukushima-Chernobyl" mechanism to exchange the experience in overcoming the consequences of the disasters in nuclear power plants.

In 1995 Parliament of Japan has launched parliamentary friendship league "Japan-Ukraine" (headed by Eisuke Mori, 21 members). The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has a working group on inter-parliamentary ties with Japan (headed by Leonid Yemets and Borys Filatov, 62 members).

4. Trade and economic relations:

The development of trade and economic relations with Japan is based on the principles of free trade and market economy with minimal state intervention (in Japan there is no public companies).

The Ukrainian exports to Japan have traditionally been dominated by raw materials with a low degree of processing. The most promising spheres of trade cooperation are agriculture, steel and chemical industries. Thus, the main export items from Ukraine to Japan are grains (mostly corn), iron ores and concentrates, aluminum, titanium dioxide and ferrous alloys that make up a total of more than 90% of Ukrainian exports to Japan.

Japanese imports to Ukraine are mainly of machinery and high-tech industries, dominated by motor vehicles and spare parts (60%). Japan is interested in participating in the modernization of Ukraine's energy sector, development of smart electricity grid and systems, technologies to protect the environment.

Ukrainian-Japanese trade had been increasing since the international financial crisis of 2008-2009. However, last year the trade turnover shrank significantly due to the unstable situation in Ukraine.

During the first half of 2015 bilateral trade amounted to $293.3 million. Export from Ukraine decreased by 9%. The export volume amounted to $117 million. At the same time, imports from Japan showed a significant reduction by 46% and amounted to $176.3 million. As the result negative balance of trade has historically shrank to -$59.3 mln.

In the context of Ukrainian-Japanese trade and economic relations there is a mechanism of regular Joint Meetings of the Coordinating Council for Economic Cooperation with Japan under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine and the Committee for Business Cooperation with Ukraine of Japanese Business Federation "Keidanren". During the meetings the sides exchange the information on the economic situation in Ukraine and Japan, legislative initiatives, market trends, discuss the prospects of bilateral cooperation in such fields as energy and mineral resources, energy efficiency and renewable energy, industry, agriculture, development and modernization of transport infrastructure.

An important priority of cooperation with Japan is introduction of energy-efficient and "environmentally friendly" technologies in various sectors of the Ukrainian economy - energy, industry, municipal sector - to enhance energy security. Such cooperation is carried out under the Green Investment Scheme to the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, as well as other bilateral projects. In particular, since 2014 between Ukraine and Japan there has been developing cooperation on modernization of Ukrainian Thermal Power Plants (TPP) with the application of Japanese advanced technologies to improve their productivity. Negotiations are being held to replace the old coal-fired thermal units for the new ones.

Among the leading Japanese companies that have already established their offices in Ukraine are several Japanese trading houses, such as Sumitomo, Itochu, Mitsui, Marubeni, Mitsubishi, Sojits, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

The main exhibitions held annually in Japan are International Food and Beverage fair «FOODEX» and International tourist fair «JATA WTF», which serve as a platform for businesses to reach local and regional markets.

Foreign direct investments from Japan to Ukraine amount to $171 million. Japanese investments in Ukraine are mainly concentrated in the sales and service of Japanese vehicles, production of components for vehicles, as well as in the manufacture of tobacco products (Japan Tobacco). However, taking into account direct investments from affiliates of Japanese corporations located in Europe, total Japanese investments amount to $400 mln.

Japanese companies are interested in investing in the output of products intended for export to the European market and the CIS or for use in end European products. This trend has significant prospects with Ukraine's accession to the EU common market under the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Ukraine and the EU.

Attracting Japanese investments in the development of transport and energy infrastructure in Ukraine, as well as in agribusiness, including its logistical basis, including export terminals, is another promising area of cooperation with Japan.

An important impetus for the development of Ukrainian-Japanese industrial and investment cooperation and attracting Japanese investment in Ukraine has become conclusion of the Agreement for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments between Ukraine and Japan on 5 February, 2015. The agreement is supposed to facilitate the development of promising areas of investment cooperation, attraction of Japanese investment and technologies, reduce non-commercial risks for foreign investors.

5. Cultural and humanitarian ties:

One of the key aspects of Ukrainian-Japanese relations development is cooperation in the field of culture, which, in particular, focuses on conducting cultural events in Japan with the participation of Ukrainian and Japanese artists.

The concert tours of the National Opera of Ukraine named after Taras Shevchenko, the National Symphonic Orchestra of Ukraine are held in Japan every year. Many talented Ukrainian musicians, bands, artists participate in the international competitions as well as other cultural events which are held in Japan.

The sister city relationship between Odessa and Yokohama (since 1965) as well as Kyiv and Kyoto (since 1972) are have traditionally been developed.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation:

Cooperation in the field of education between Ukraine and Japan mainly determined by the Japanese government programs aimed at providing financial support to Ukrainian students, graduate students, teachers and researchers who are eager to improve their knowledge of Japanese language or study Japanese experience in a specific areas. Japan Foundation is being implemented a number of internship programs for graduate students and teachers of the Japanese language, particularly in cooperation with the Ukrainian-Japanese Center of National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute».

The Association of Ukrainian Studies, headed by Professor of Heisei International University M.Suezawa, was established in Tokyo.

Ukrainian-Japanese Commission on Scientific and Technical Cooperation is a mechanism for intensification of bilateral dialogue in the field of science and technology and promotion of joint research projects, particularly in nanotechnology and biotechnology, renewable energy and others. The first (inaugural) meeting of the Commission was held in Kyiv on 5 February 2006. Third meeting of this Commission took place on 5-6 December, 2013.

In 2011 Ukraine has started the cooperation with Japan on sharing the Ukrainian experience in overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl accident - so-called cooperation through the "Fukushima-Chernobyl" mechanism. Ukraine was one of the first countries that offered humanitarian, expertise and technical assistance to Japan to overcome the consequences of the accident at nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1".

In recent years, a large number of Japanese delegations (government, NGOs, scientific experts, municipal authorities and the media) visited Ukraine to study Ukrainian experience in overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl accident. Ukrainian experts also visited Japan actively, in particular Fukushima prefecture. The main purposes of the visits are an exchange of experience in overcoming the consequences of nuclear accidents, in restoring the environment after industrial accidents and discussion of possible actions and mechanisms of interaction between the two countries through "Fukushima-Chernobyl" cooperation.

During these visits Ukrainian experts presented to Japanese partners the experience of post-accident work at Chernobyl, medical and agricultural aspects of the accident, the problems of decontamination and rehabilitation of contaminated territories and radiation protection, social and psychological aspects of exclusion zone management government, activity of non-governmental organizations after the Chernobyl disaster etc.

On 18 April, 2012 an Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Japan concerning cooperation to advance aftermath response to accidents at nuclear power stations was signed. For the first time in world practice, two countries that suffered from the world's biggest nuclear accident, laid the basis for further cooperation to bring together the research potential and resources, to use of knowledge and experience of experts of both countries in overcoming the consequences of accidents on nuclear power plants.

In accordance with the provisions of the Agreement, the two meetings of the Joint Committee on Cooperation in improving post-accident emergency response at nuclear power plants were held in 2012 and 2013.

7. Legal basis:

Signed treaties - 50.

Key treaties:

1. Exchange letters on validity treaties and other international agreements which had been concluded and effective between Japan and former USSR in bilateral Ukrainian-Japanese relations (23.03.1995).

2. Memorandum concerning activity of Ukraine-Japanese committee on cooperation at ministers of foreign affairs’ level (01.07.2006).

3. Agreement between the National Agency of Ukraine for Ecological Investment and the Japanese Organization of Development of Energy and Industry Technologies for buying permits of greenhouse gases according to the Green Investment Scheme (GIS) and Guideline for implementing of GIS between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Japan (18.03.2009).

4. Joint statement on Ukraine-Japan global partnership (19.01.2011).

5. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Japan concerning cooperation to advance aftermath response to accidents at nuclear power stations (signed – 18.04.2012; came into force – 30.05.2012).

6. Agreement on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments between Ukraine and Japan (not in force – signed on February 5, 2015, ratified by the Parliament of Ukraine on June 3, 2015, pending ratification by the Parliament of Japan),

7. Loan Agreement on the Provision of JPY 108 billion to Ukraine for the Reconstruction of the Bortnychi Aeration Station (in force – signed on June 6, 2015, ratified by the Parliament of Ukraine on September 2, 2015).

8. Ukrainian community:

In Japan there are no Ukrainian diaspora (community) or those who have acquired the status of «Foreign Ukrainian». However, the number of Ukrainian citizens who temporarily reside in Japan for training, private business or work are growing. As of September 2015, according to the Immigration Bureau of Japan more than 1,600 citizens of Ukraine have temporary or permanent resident visas.

The informal group of Ukrainian called «Krayany» is playing active role in social life of Ukrainian expatriates living and working in Japan

The main purpose of their activities is to promote Ukraine in Japan and provide possible support for those who would like to give their children the essential elements of Ukrainian education.

9. Diplomatic missions:

Embassy of Ukraine in Japan: http://japan.mfa.gov.ua

Embassy of Japan in Ukraine: http://www.ua.emb-japan.go.jp/eng/index.html.

The Republic of Kazakhstan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 23 December 1991

2. Diplomatic relations were established on July 23, 1992

3. Political relations

High-level dialogue:

• June 7, 2014 - visit of Prime Minister of Kazakhstan K.Masimov to Ukraine in order to participate in the inauguration ceremony of President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.

• August 26, 2014 - meeting of President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko with President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev during the EU-Ukraine-“Eurasian troika” consultations in Minsk.

• December 22, 2014 - working visit of President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev to Ukraine.

Foreign ministries level dialogue:

• 13-15 October 2013 - working visit of Foreign Minister of Ukraine, the Chairman of the OSCE to Kazakhstan.

• 5-6 December 2013 - working visit of Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan Y.Idrisov to Ukraine to attend the OSCE summit in Kyiv.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation:

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine established the Parliamentary Group for Cooperation with the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. A similar group was created in the Mazhilis (lower chamber) of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Existing bilateral high-level authorities:

• Joint Ukrainian-Kazakh interstate commission on economic cooperation. The last, 12th meeting of the Commission was held on the 16th July 2015 in Kyiv.

4. State of Trade and Economic Relations

In the first half of 2015 the foreign trade turnover of goods and services of Ukraine with the Republic of Kazakhstan amounted to 350 850 thousand US Dollars, decreased by 26.0% compared to January-April 2014.

The export of goods and services from Ukraine to the Republic of Kazakhstan amounted to 241 180 thousand US Dollars, decreased by 26% compared to January-April 2014, while imports of goods and services from the Republic of Kazakhstan to Ukraine amounted to 109 680 thousand US Dollars and decreased by 16.6% in comparison to January-April 2014.

The positive balance of trade of goods and services totalled 131 500 thousand US Dollars.

The trade turnover (of goods) amounted to 334 137 thousand US Dollars. Exports of goods from Ukraine to Kazakhstan amounted to 227 362,6 thousand US Dollars. Kazakhstan’s import of goods to Ukraine amounted to 106 774,9 thousand US Dollars. Positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 120 587,7 thousand US Dollars.

Main export to the Republic of Kazakhstan are agricultural products - 32.7%, machine building - 22.8%, metallurgy industry - 15.2%, chemical industry - 12.1 %, wood processing industry - 6.2%.

The main items of import to Ukraine remain products of energy sector - 43.9%, chemical industry - 25.0%, metallurgy - 14.4%.

The trade turnover (of services) amounted to 16 710 thousand US Dollars. The positive balance of trade of services amounted to 10 920 thousand US Dollars.

Prospects of exports’ increase: building equipment; steel products; agricultural products; wood products industry; products of the petrochemical industry.

Investment cooperation: amount of Kazakhstan’s investments in Ukraine totalled 173 700 thousand US Dollars (0.35% of total DFI to Ukraine), as of 01.04.2015.

Perspective investment areas: development of Kazakhstan’s deposits of oil, gas, metals and uranium; establishment of joint ventures in the energy sector; participation of Ukrainian companies in implementation of national programs in Kazakhstan, including the Strategic Plan of Kazakhstan till 2050, etc.; implementation of joint projects in aircraft building, machine building and aerospace sectors; Ukrainian enterprises participating in projects in the field of engineering and supply of equipment for metallurgical plants.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Two national public associations of ethnic Ukrainians are successfully operating in Kazakhstan – “The Council of the Ukrainians of Kazakhstan” which contains 11 regional Ukrainian national and cultural centres and the Association “Ukrainians of Kazakhstan”, consisting of 4 regional Ukrainian national and cultural centres.

6. Education and Science Cooperation

Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan’s educational and scientific cooperation is based on a number of legal instruments including, specifically, the Intergovernmental Agreement on Mutual Recognition and Equivalency of Educational Documents, Academic (Scientific) Degrees and Academic Titles (signed on 26/09/2001; effective as from 04/06/2007), as well as the Education and Science Cooperation Interagency Agreement (in force as from the execution date on 14/09/2010).

The Parties annually exchange full-time students at higher educational institutions (bachelor and master degrees) in technical, economic, and humanitarian specialties. In recent years, about 140 Kazakhstan citizens joined Ukraine’s higher educational institutions. In 2014-2015 academic year 16 citizens of Ukraine were enrolled in Kazakhstan’s higher educational institutions. For 2015-2016 academic year 6 Kazakhstan citizens have been granted to study at Ukraine’s higher educational institutions and 10 Ukrainians have been granted to study at the higher educational institutions of Kazakhstan.

7. Legal basis

Number of valid documents – 64. A key document: Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan (January 20, 1994).

8. Ukrainian Community in Kazakhstan

According to the Second National population census in the Republic of Kazakhstan (2009) the Republic of Kazakhstan’s total population is 16 million 4.8 thousand people. Ethnic Ukrainians are the fourth largest ethnic group (333.2 thousand ethnic Ukrainians, who make 2.1% of the country’s total population). Ethnic Ukrainians densely reside in areas such as Kostanai region (78 thousand), Karaganda region (45 thousand), Pavlodar region (36 thousand), North Kazakhstan region (36 thousand) and Akmola region (35 thousand).

Since 1994, a weekly national newspaper «Ukrayinski Novyny» (Ukrainian News) has been published. A monthly «Pechatnyi Dvor» (Print Yard) newspaper is being published in Kostanai in Ukrainian and Russian languages. Taras Shevchenko Ukrainian language Karaganda Regional Association «Ridne slovo» (Native Language) publishes electronic newspaper «Visnyk» (Bulletin) since January 2015. There are Ukrainian-speaking radio and TV broadcasts in Pavlodar and Kostanai being issued periodically.

In the capital’s Complex of nursery – school – gymnasium N 47, there is optional study of Ukrainian language and literature. Most of Ukrainian communities in the Republic of Kazakhstan have Sunday schools or Ukrainian classes.

Most Ukrainians residing in Kazakhstan are Christians. In Kazakhstan there is the Ukrainian Greek Catholic church, parishes of which are in the capital and in regional centres of Karaganda and Pavlodar and in the town of Satbayev, Karaganda region.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Kazakhstan http://kazakhstan.mfa.gov.ua/, www.facebook.com/UkrEmbKz,

www.twitter.com/UkrEmbKaz

The Republic of Korea

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 30, 1991

2. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: February 10, 1992

3. Political relations

In recent years, Ukraine and the Republic of Korea have maintained the political dialogue at the highest and high level.

In September 2011, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea paid an official visit to Ukraine. During the visit the perspective directions of development of the Ukrainian-Korean cooperation, particularly, in the areas of trade, industry and agriculture were discussed. Special attention was paid to the attracting of Korean investments into Ukraine`s economy, particularly, the energy industry, agriculture, construction and metallurgy.

In March 2012, the President of Ukraine paid a working visit to the Republic of Korea in order to participate in the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit. During the visit, the Head of Ukrainian State held talks with President and Prime Minister of South Korea as well as met with leaders of Hyundai Corporation and Samsung Electronics. Within the framework of the meetings there were stressed the mutual interest of both countries in further intensification of bilateral political dialogue at the highest level and defined the priority areas of cooperation, in particular, energy, space exploration, transportation, agriculture, shipbuilding, aviation, machine building and construction.

In October 2013, the Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea paid an official visit to Ukraine. A wide range of issues of further intensification of Ukrainian-Korean cooperation, particularly in political, trade and economic and social spheres were discussed during the visit.

In 2015, Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and the Republic of Korea met twice during international fora, particularly, the 45th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum (Davos, Switzerland) in late January and the Global Conference on Cyberspace (The Hague, Netherlands) in April.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation

After the parliamentary elections, held in the Republic of Korea in 2012, the composition of the Korea-Ukraine Parliamentary Friendship Association was renewed.

The Parliamentary Group of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on Interparliamentary Relations with the Republic of Korea was formed on February 26, 2015. It is headed by the People’s Deputy of Ukraine, member of the parliamentary faction of political party Opposition Bloc Serhiy Larin.

A delegation of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea led by the Head of the Korea-Ukraine Parliamentary Friendship Association Cho Jeong Sik visited Ukraine on March 22-24, 2015.

4. Trade and economic relations

The Republic of Korea (ROK) is one of the three leading trading partners for Ukraine in the Asia-Pacific region.

In 2014 bilateral trade turnover between Ukraine and the ROK reached $988.5 million (20.2% decrease compared to 2013). Exports amounted to $510.3 million (28.7% growth). Imports amounted to $478.2 million (42.3% growth). The positive trade balance accounted for $32 million (-$423 million in 2013).

In six months of 2015, bilateral trade turnover was $349.6 million (26.5% decrease compared to the same period of 2014). Exports amounted to $214.5 million (2.6% growth). Imports amounted to $135.1 million (49.3% decrease). The positive trade balance accounted for $79.4 million (-$80.8 million in six months of 2015).

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports to the Republic of Korea (six months of 2015): cereals; ferrous metals and its products; ores, slags and ashes; wood and its products; non-precious metals; tobacco and its industrial substitutes.

The main products imported from the Republic of Korea (six months of 2015): electric machines; surface transports (except railway transport); plastics and polymeric materials.

As of beginning of 2015 the total amount of direct Korean investment into the Ukraine’s economy accounted for $171.6 million (industry – 92.2% or $158.14 million, real estate operations, lease, engineering and corporate services – 5.3% or $9.07 million, trade and repair of automotive and household appliances (2.5% or $3.60 million) and trade & repair of vehicles and household appliances (less 2.1%).

An important mechanism of bilateral trade and economic cooperation is the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Korean Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation. On November 26, 2012, the Second Meeting of the Commission was held in Kyiv. The Parties signed a joint protocol that reflects the main directions of further development of economic cooperation between Ukraine and the ROK.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Korea has been actively developing and are regulated by the Agreement on cultural cooperation between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Korea (signed on 07.06.2014, entered into force on 03.08.2009).

Following events were held in South Korea during 2012-2015 with the participation of Ukrainian artists and sportsmen,

Exhibition of the National Museum of History of Ukraine «Golden Treasures of Ukraine» and exhibition of works by Ukrainian artist («graffiti» style) H.Sharohlazov.

There were tours of the famous Ukrainian pianist O.Poliansky and duo of famous Ukrainian musicians Ye.Kostrytskyy (violin) and K.Kulykova (piano).  

Khmelnytsky Academic Regional Symphony Orchestra toured South Korea.

Ukrainian folk amateur dance band “Veselka” represented Ukraine at the World Folk Music festival CIOFF 2012.

In November 2012 the first time in the history of bilateral relations the Days of Culture of Ukraine was held in the Republic of Korea.

Ukraine Special Olympic team won 6 golden, 3 silver and 2 bronze medals at the World Winter Special Olympic Games 2013 (cities Pyonchang and Gangneung). 

On May, 2013 vocal band “Suzirya” represented Ukraine at the international multicultural festival Seoul Friendship Fair.

On May 17th, 2014 the traditional annual festival “Slavic spring” took place in Seoul. The one of the main themes of the event was Taras Shevchenko oeuvre and commemoration of his 200 – year anniversary.

In summer 2014 the Donetsk State Prokofiev Philharmonic Symphonic Orchestra was in the concert tour “Pray for Ukraine”.

On December 2014, under the auspices of the Embassy, the opening of the photo and poster exhibition “Euromaidan. Revolution of Dignity” took place at the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies and was opened until January 22, 2015.

Ukrainian sportsmen captured 26 medals at the XXVIII World Summer Universiade in Gwangju (3-14 of July, 2015).

Ukrainian dancer Oleksandr Omelchenko captured gold medal at the annual VIII Korea International Ballet Competition, that took place in Seoul during 1-5 of July, 2015.

Ukrainian film directors Olesia Morgunets and Anatoliy Mateshko presented their works “Violoncello” and “Trumpeter” at the Jecheon International Music and Film Festival that was held on 14-18 of August, 2015.

 Ukrainian sportsmen Vladyslav Yerko, Arthur Kulida, Oleksandr Dziuba and Victoriya Sobko captured gold, silver and bronze medals during 2-nd WTF World Cadet Taekwondo Championship that took place on 23-26 of August in the city of Muju.

The important element of the cultural and humanitarian bilateral cooperation is the functioning of the Department of Ukrainian studies in the one of the prominent universities of the Republic of Korea – Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. The Department is the only one in the country where students can learn Ukrainian language, literature, culture, economy and policy.

6.  Scientific and technical cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Korea is governed by an intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technical cooperation, which was signed July 1, 1992 and entered into force on 20 May 1994.

As of August 2015 legal basis for the scientific and technical sphere of Ukrainian-Korean relations consists of 29 normative legal acts.

In recent years the work was carried out to enhance scientific and technical cooperation between the two countries, namely: a number of meetings of the Joint Ukrainian-Korean committee on scientific and technical cooperation (2001, 2005, 2007 and 2012 respectively). The most perspective are the following projects:

- Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS) - National Research Center for Radiation Medicine Medical Science Academy of  Ukraine;

- Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) - NTU "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", NTU "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute";

- Technical University "Hanyanh" - NTU "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute";

- Korea University - NTU "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute".

The result of cooperation between Ukraine and Republic of Korea in the space sphere was the successful launch into the Earth orbit three South Korean satellites via Ukrainian carrier rocket "Dnepr", in particular, 22 August 2013 - remote sensing satellite KOMPSAT-5 («Arirang-5"), 21 November 2013 - scientific and technological satellite STSAT-3, March 25, 2015 remote sensing satellite KOMPSAT-3A. Launches of carrier rocket "Dnepr" carried out under the program "Dnepr".

Promising areas of cooperation currently seen the following: cooperation in space sphere - participation of Ukrainian companies in implementation of the Korean KSLV-2 project (creating its own missile carrier), joint research projects in the field of peaceful space exploration; Science - participation of Ukrainian scientific and technical organizations in joint projects with KIST in alternative energy, new materials, biomedicine; in medicine - continuation of scientific cooperation with the Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), expanding cooperation in the peaceful exploration of outer space.

7. Legal framework

The signing of the Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Korea, February 10, 1992 was the starting point in creating a legal framework of bilateral relations in various fields.

Another important bilateral document is the Joint Declaration on the Principles of Relations and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Korea, signed by Presidents of Ukraine and the Republic of Korea on December 16, 1996, in Seoul. It contains main principles of relations between the two countries and specifies a wide range of cooperation between Ukraine and South Korea.

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, a number of bilateral documents have been signed. These documents regulate relations between the two countries in political, economic, trade, scientific, cultural, humanitarian and other fields.

As of August 2015, the legal basis of bilateral Ukrainian-Korean relations consists of two interstate, 25 intergovernmental and 19 interagency documents.

8.      Ukrainian community

There are no Ukrainian organizations or communities in the Republic of Korea.

Only a number of Ukrainians live in industrial cities or in the cities where the large universities or scientific centers are situated, particularly, in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Daejeon and Gwangju.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Korea (http://korea.mfa.gov.ua). 

The Kyrgyz Republic

1. The recognition of Ukraine

The Kyrgyz Republic recognized Ukraine as a sovereign independent state on December 20, 1991.

2. The establishing of diplomatic relations

The Protocol on the Establishment of the Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic was signed on September 19, 1992.

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Kyrgyz Republic was opened in 2000.

The Embassy of the Kyrgyz Republic in Kyiv was opened in 1993.

The bilateral cooperation between Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic has positive dynamics. In particular, the cooperation in political, trade, economic, cultural, humanitarian and other fields of activities is constantly extending.

3. Political relations

The political dialogue between Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan is carried out at all levels of interaction.

On September 25, 2013 in Astana, in the framework of meeting of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council at the level of Heads of Governments of the CIS the Prime Minister of Ukraine met with the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic.

On October 15, 2013, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine paid a working visit to the Kyrgyz Republic and held meeting with President of the Kyrgyz Republic and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic.

On October 15, 2013 Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic signed The Programme of cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2014-2015.

Interparliamentary cooperation of two countries plays a significant role in bilateral relations. The Parliamentary Group on friendship with Ukraine was created in the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic in January 2011 and actively contributes to the interparliamentary dialogue of Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic. The main goal of its activity is to promote Ukrainian-Kyrgyz relations.

4. Trade and economic relations

Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic are members of the World Trade Organization and their bilateral trade and economic relations are ruled by relevant regulations of this organization without any restrictions.

The legal basis for two countries includes almost 30 agreements of economic background, which allows to build mutually beneficial trade and economic relations in various spheres.

According to the data provided by the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the trade turnover between countries is following:

Dynamic of the Development of Trade between Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan

(million US dollars)

 

2012 р.

 2013 р.

 2014 р.

Total trade turnover

$140,03

$160, 22

$110, 59

Export from Ukraine

$131,17

$146, 23

$105, 09

Import to Ukraine

$8,86

        $13,72

        $5,5

Trade balance

+ $122,31

    + $132,51

    + $99,59

State of bilateral trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and Kyrgyz Republic

The Kyrgyz Republic is traditionally among the largest Ukrainian foreign trade partners.

 In 2014 the foreign trade turnover of goods and services between Ukraine and Kyrgyz Republic amounted 110.58 million USD and decreased in comparison to the corresponding period of 2013 (160.22 million USD) by 49.63 million USD or 31%, including goods amounted 106.85 million USD and decreased in comparison to the corresponding period of 2013 (146.54 million USD) by 39.69 million USD or 27,1 %.

The Ukraine’s positive balance in 2014 amounted 99.59 million USD.

 In January-June 2015 the total trade turnover of goods and services of Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic amounted 43.92 million USD and decreased in comparison to the corresponding period of 2014 by 7.2%.

The Ukraine’s positive balance in January-June of 2015 amounted 42.7 million USD.

Оn 4th of July 2013 the Third Session of the Ukraine-Kyrgyzstan Inter-Governmental Commission on Cooperation was held in Kyiv. The Inter-Governmental Commission was founded in March 2003.

The Session reviewed the current status and prospects of bilateral cooperation in trade and investment, heavy/light industry, science and technology, energy sector, transportation, agriculture and food processing, education, culture and tourism.

The Fourth Session of the Inter-Governmental Commission on Cooperation is planned to be held in 2016 in Bishkek.

5. Legal basis of Ukrainian-Kyrgyzstan bilateral relations

        Two countries signed 80 agreements. 48 of them are active, 13 - terminated, 3 – did not take effect; 11 - require additional coordination, 5 - do not have international status.

6. The Ukrainian Community

There is no official statistics regarding the quantity and social composition of ethnic Ukrainians in the Kyrgyz Republic. Leaders of Ukrainian NGOs believe that the Ukrainian community currently consists of approximately 20 thousand ethnic Ukrainians.

Citizens of Ukraine with official work permit in the Kyrgyz Republic, have the same rights to protect their interests as citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic. 

7. Embassy of Ukraine in Kyrgyz Republic - http://kirgizia.mfa.gov.ua/ua

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

1. Date of recognition: on 2 of January 1992 the Lao People’s Democratic Republic recognised Ukraine as a sovereign and independent state.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations: on 17 of September 1992 Ukraine and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic established diplomatic relations.

3. Political relations:

In September 1999, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Borys Tarasyuk held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of Laos Mr. Somsavat Lengsawad in the framework of 54th session of the UN General Assembly in New-York.  

On November 20-21, 2007, deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Andriy Veselovskiy took part at the Ministerial Conference of the International Organisation of Francophonie in Vientiane, Laos.

In September, 2010 Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Konstantyn Grishenko held a meeting with Vice-prime-minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Laos Mr. T.Sisoulith in the framework of the UN General Assembly in New-York.

On June 30 – July 2, 2011 Vice-prime-minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Laos Mr. T.Sisoulith paid an official visit to Ukraine.

4. Bilateral trade:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the trade turnover for the first half of 2015, excluding the temporarily occupied territory of the Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, amounted to $ 919.1 thousand and decreased by $ 128.0 thousand. Exports increased by $ 468.6 thousand and reached $ 762.5 thousand, imports decreased by $ 596.6 thousand and amounted to 156,6 thousand. Balance was positive and amounted to $ 605.9 thousand. According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine there are no investments from Ukraine to Laos and from Laos to Ukraine.

5. Treaty Legal Frameworks of the Ukrainian-Lao Relations:

The Treaty Legal Framework of the Ukrainian-Lao relations consists of 3 documents:

  • Protocol on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic dated of September 17, 1992;
  • Agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on Visa Exemption for Holders of Diplomatic and Service Passports, dated of December 20, 1984, effective between Ukraine and Lao under  succession;
  • Protocol on cooperation and consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lao People’s Democratic Republic (from July 1, 2011), signed during the official visit of the Vice-prime-minister, Minister for Foreign Affair of Lao T.Sisoulith to Kyiv.

6. Ukrainian community:

Neither Ukrainian diaspora nor community of Ukrainians has been established or existed in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Around 10 Ukrainians are being employed in Laos.

7. Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Thailand concurrently in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic - http://thailand.mfa.gov.ua

Malaysia

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 31, 1991

2. Establishment of the Diplomatic relations: March 3, 1992

3.  High-level dialogue:

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Malaysia political dialogue between the countries had different levels of intensity, but was always grounded on the basis of mutual benefit and respect for sovereignty. After the of downing “Malaysia airlines” plane MH17 in July 2014, cooperation between the two countries considerably intensified. There were hold numerous official visits at various levels, as well as meetings in the framework of international organizations. In particular, on September 25, 2014 Mr. Arseniy Yatsenyuk, the Prime Minister of Ukraine and Mr. Najib Tun Razak, the Prime Minister of Malaysia had the meeting during 69th session of the UN General Assembly. They discussed the issues related to the investigation of downing “Malaysia airlines” plane MH17 in Donbas, as well as the situation in Ukraine.

The visit to Ukraine of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia Anif Aman on July 21-23, 2014 strengthened the dialogue at the level of foreign ministries. During the visit, H.E. Mr. Anifa Aman had meetings with the President of Ukraine H.E. Mr. Petro Poroshenko, the Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Pavlo Klimkin and the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine, Head of the government commission for the Boeing 777 of “Malaysia airlines” crash investigation Volodymyr Groysman. 

Inter-parliamentary cooperation – not established.

Bilateral high-level bodies – not established.

4. Trade and economic relations:

Total trade between Ukraine and Malaysia (January – June 2015) – 116.6 million USD, decreased by 30.2%, compared to the same period in 2014.

Export – 58.16 million USD, decreased by 35.5%.

Import – 58.44 million USD, decreased by 24.0%.

Balance of trade – negative, 0.28 million USD.

Volume of trade in services between Ukraine and Malaysia (the first half of 2015) – 5.64 million USD, increased by 9.1%, compared to the same period in 2014.

Service exports – 5.2 million USD, increased by 8.3%.

Service imports – 0.44 million USD, increased by 12.0%.

Balance of trade in services – positive, 4.76 million USD.

Structure of export of goods from Ukraine to Malaysia:

The main commodity groups of export of goods from Ukraine to Malaysia (January-June 2015) included oils and fats of animal or vegetable origin – sunflower oil, grain crops, vegetables and fertilizers. In total, during this period Ukraine exported to Malaysia agricultural goods in amount of 54 million USD (92.8% of the total export). At the same time, during this period the export of manufactured goods (nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery, electrical machinery and aircrafts) totaled 0.3 million USD (0.5%).

Structure of import of goods from Malaysia to Ukraine:

The main commodity groups of import from Malaysia to Ukraine for the same period were: electrical machinery, oils and fats of animal or vegetable origin, crude rubber, nuclear reactors, boilers, industrial machinery, different food products and cocoa and products thereof.

Investment cooperation – not established. No mutual investments registered between Ukraine and Malaysia.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and Malaysia in 2015 was not intense. Currently on the processing is agreement on cooperation in tourism between Ukraine and Malaysia.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation:

In the field of scientific and technical cooperation, Malaysia has an interest in development of cooperation with Ukraine in the aerospace technology, medicine, biotechnology and nuclear technology as well as agricultural sciences.

In this context, the most noticeable progress has been achieved in the aerospace sphere. Thus, in September, 2000 the first Malaysian satellite "Tiunhsat - 1" was successfully launched into the orbit by the Ukrainian rocket "Dnepr-1" (for Malaysian classification - Dnepr-LV). This event has become, in fact, the basis for further expansion of cooperation in the aerospace industry.

At this time, the orbiting of the second Malaysian satellite "Measat-1p" by the Ukrainian "Zenit-3slB" rocket in 2009 can be considered as one of the largest projects of cooperation between the two countries in the field of high technology.

During the beginning of 2014 the contacts between the National Space Agency of Malaysia (ANGKASA) and the “Yuzhnoye SDO” and the State Space Agency of Ukraine have been further actively developing. The issue about the visit of Malaysian specialists to “Yuzhnoye SDO”, specifically from “MEASAT Satellite Systems”, is under elaboration. In this connection, the possibility of establishing direct contacts with the management of the company «MEASAT Satellite Systems» is under elaboration. 

Another important area of the scientific and technical cooperation is the field of aircraft building. In order to promote the cooperation in this area, in particular, regarding the production of composite materials and components made of them, the process of establishing contacts between the SE "Antonov" and the Malaysian Institute of technology of composite materials (CTRM) and the “AIROD” company is undergoing. The program of cooperation between JSC “Motor Sich” and “AIROD” company is also being continued.

The contacts with the interested companies and agencies of Malaysia on the usage of transport capabilities of the SE "Antonov" are also being established.

7. Bilateral agreements:

The legal basis of bilateral relations covers a wide range of issues for further development of mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields. As on August 2015, there are 5 signed agreements:

-  Agreement on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations;

-  Trade Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia;

-  Protocol between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on mutual access to markets of goods and services;

-   Memorandum of Understanding between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on Cooperation in the Defense Sphere;

-  Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on the deployment of Malaysian personnel to Ukraine following the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17.

8.  Ukrainian community: no Ukrainian Diaspora.  The total estimated number of citizens of Ukraine who are in Malaysia in connection with employment is 70 persons.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia http://malaysia.mfa.gov.ua/en

The Republic of Maldives

Recognition of Ukraine: May 24, 1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: August 17, 1993

3. Trade and economic relations:

According to the State committee on statistics of Ukraine, during the period from January to September 2014 general volume of turnover (goods) between Ukraine and The Republic of Maldives equalled $ 29,2 thousands, export – $ 19,8 thousands. Balance - negative and amounts $ 10,4  thousands.

4. The Treaty Legal Framework of Ukrainian-Maldivian Bilateral Relations:

The Treaty Legal Framework of Ukrainian-Maldivian bilateral relation consists of 1 international document:

Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and The Republic of Maldives.

5. Ukrainian community:

Neither Ukrainian diaspora nor community of Ukrainians has been established or existed in the The Republic of Maldives.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine. Diplomatic functions in the Republic of Maldives (concurrently) takes Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India (New Delhi) - http://india.mfa.gov.ua/en

Mongolia

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 17, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 21, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Relations between Ukraine and Mongolia have long history and huge experience in different spheres of bilateral cooperation.

The most important high-level visits and meetings during last two decades: state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2002), state visit of President of Ukraine to Mongolia (2003), state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2011), meeting of the presidents of the two countries during the "Millennium Summit" in New York (2000), meetings during the celebration the 60th anniversary of foundation of the State of Israel (Jerusalem, May 2008), during the 64th Session of the UN General Assembly (M. New York, September 2009) and in the framework of the World Economic Forum in Davos (January 2011).

The latest state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine took place in June 2011. In December 2013 Foreign Minister of Mongolia participated in the Ministerial meeting of the OSCE in Kyiv.

In September 19, 2012 Ulaanbaatar hosted a regular round of political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Mongolia. April 28-30, 2013 the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Mongolia to participate in the 7th Ministerial Conference "Community of democracies".

With the aim of strengthening inter-parliamentary relations on 24 April, 2015 in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine was established Deputies' group on inter-parliamentary relations with Mongolia (6 members, Chairman - Pavel Dzyublik, member of the Parliamentary faction of the political party "Narodnyi front"). Inter-parliamentary group of friendship “Mongolia-Ukraine” exists in the State Great Khural of Mongolia (6 deputies, Chairman – G. Batkhuu).

Intensification of interstate, intergovernmental and inter-parliamentary contacts at all levels, including official visits and working visits, deepening cooperation between Ukraine and Mongolia in non-governmental organizations, establishment of contacts between the capitals and regions of the two countries are among the current agenda of bilateral relations.

4. Trade and economic relations:

Economic cooperation between Ukraine and Mongolia today is characterized by a decrease of export-import operations.

The main institution that coordinates bilateral trade and economic cooperation is the Intergovernmental Ukraine-Mongolia Commission on trade and economic and scientific and technical cooperation. The last 5th joint meeting of the said Commission was held in May 2011 in Ulaanbaatar.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2014 the bilateral trade turnover amounted to 42.39 mln. USD. Export of Ukrainian goods and services in 2014 amounted to 41.48 mln. USD, import reached 916.2 thousand USD. Positive balance of bilateral trade amounted to 40.56 mln. USD.

During the first half of 2015 the trade turnover reached 15.493 mln.USD. Export was 14.797 mln. USD, import –695.6 thousand USD. Positive balance of bilateral trade amounted to 14.102 mln. USD.

The leading positions in the structure of Ukrainian exports were cocoa and its products; products made of wheat; sugar & sugar goods; paper; tobacco; machinery. The basic item of import belongs to sulphur.

Mongolia invests basically in the construction sector of Ukraine.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

By the decision of both parties, Culture Days of Ukraine in Mongolia and Culture Days of Mongolia in Ukraine are planned for 2016-2017.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation:

Cooperation in science and technology between Ukraine and Mongolia is regulated by corresponding agreements reached on the ministerial level. At the same time, a number of existing agreements and contracts are declarative. The slow development of cooperation in science and applied researches is related to the lack of sufficient financing from Mongolian side and its expectations on foreign aid. The Mongolian side is interested in expanding cooperation in the sphere of education, in particular, increasing the number of Mongolian students and researchers in the universities of Ukraine and Ukrainian teachers in Mongolia.

7. The legal base consists of 63 documents:

            Key documents: the Treaty on friendly relations and cooperation between Ukraine and Mongolia (1992), Joint Statement on the results of the state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2002), Joint Statement by the Presidents of Ukraine and Mongolia (2003), and Joint Statement on the development of partnership relations between Ukraine and Mongolia (2011).

8. The Ukrainian community:

There is small number Ukrainians in Mongolia. In case of need they can contact the Honorary Consul of Ukraine in Mongolia.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Ukraine in Mongolia is represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in China. Ambassador of Ukraine is not accredited to Mongolia.

The interests of Mongolia in Ukraine are represented by the Embassy of Mongolia in Poland (Ambassador A.Ganbaatar) and Consular Agency of Mongolia in Kyiv (H. Baldhoyag).

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar

1. Date of recognition: on 19th of January 1991 Myanmar recognised Ukraine as a sovereign and independent state.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations: on 19th of January 1991 Ukraine and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar established diplomatic relations.

3. Political relations:

In September, 1999, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Borys Tarasyuk held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar Mr. U Win Aung in the framework of 54th session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

In September, 2014, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Pavlo Klimkin held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar Mr. Wunna Maung Lwin in the framework of 69th session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

4. Bilateral trade:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, turnover for the first half of 2015, excluding the temporarily occupied territory of the Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, totalled $ 1.878 million and fell by 62,5% or $ 3.127 million. Exports decreased by 69% or $ 3.257 million and amounted to $ 1.463 million, imports grew by 45.5%  or $ 0.130 million and reached to 0.415 million. Balance was positive and amounted to 1.047 million. According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine there are no investments from Ukraine to Myanmar and from Myanmar to Ukraine.

5. Treaty Legal Frameworks of the Ukrainian-Myanmar Relations:

The Treaty Legal Framework of the Ukrainian-Myanmar Relations consists of one document: Protocol on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Union of Myanmar dated from January 19, 1999.

6. Ukrainian community:

There is no community of Ukrainians in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Around 10 Ukrainians are being employed in Myanmar.

7. Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Thailand concurrently in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar - http://thailand.mfa.gov.ua

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 24, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 15, 1993

3. Trade and economic relations:

According to the State committee on statistics of Ukraine, during the 2014 general volume of turnover between Ukraine and the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal equalled $ 3,79 mln., export – $ 3,78 mln., import – $8,2 thousands. Balance - positive and amounts $ 3,77 mln.

Main goods, exported from Ukraine were seeds and oleaginous fruits, fats and oils of vegetable origin. In import from Nepal dominated coffee, tea and various foods.

4. The Treaty Legal Framework of Ukrainian- Nepalese  Bilateral Relations:

The Treaty Legal Framework of Ukraine and the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal consists of one current international document: Protocol on establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Nepal.

5. Ukrainian community:

Neither Ukrainian diaspora nor community of Ukrainians has been established or existed in the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine. Ukraine diplomatic functions in the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (concurrently) takes Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India (New Delhi) http://india.mfa.gov.ua/ua

New Zealand

1. Recognition of Ukraine. 26 December 1991.

2. Diplomatic relations established on 3 March 1992.

3. Political relations:

 During April 2006 New Zealand’s Minister of Foreign Affairs paid an official visit to Ukraine.

Currently a partnership between Ukraine and New Zealand is supported on a bilateral level within the framework of international organizations.

New Zealand has repeatedly officially condemned the violation of its sovereignty and territorial integrity of our country, did not recognize the result of the so called Crimean “Referendum” of 16 March and called the Russian actions unacceptable in respect to Ukraine.

Furthermore, the New Zealand Government has imposed entry bans for certain Ukrainian and Russian nationals, who appear to be involved with the crises in Ukraine. New Zealand also emerged as a co-author of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution about the "Territorial integrity of Ukraine".

The New Zealanders also noted repeatedly on the necessity of pursuing a complete and independent investigation about the circumstances of the downing of flight MH17 and granting comprehensive assistance in the proceeding of an international committee.

In his speech of 16 February of 2015, New Zealand’s Foreign Affairs Minister Hon Murray McCully underlined the importance of agreed provisions regarding the cease fire in eastern Ukraine and he called for the Russian Federation’s President to influence the separatists over this issue and he also stated the need to pass this Resolution at the United Nations General Assembly.

4. Economic Trade Relations

According to data from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, during January-June of 2015, the general commodity circulation was 7 million USD, export was 0.9 million USD (+7.9%) import 6.2 million USD (-81.6%); a deficit of 5.3 million USD.

Ukraine’s main exports to New Zealand for January-June of 2015 are: nuclear reactors, heaters, engines, machinery, fertilizers, alcohol and non-alcoholic beverages and vinegar;

Main imports from New Zealand are: fish and shellfish, ships, grain;

Direct investments from New Zealand into Ukraine on 01.10.2014 are 17.5 million USD.

New Zealanders propose to review the possibility of attracting interested companies to actualize domestic investment projects. Materials about investment potential in regional Ukraine and important business events occurring in our country were distributed throughout the New Zealand government authorities.

Ukrainian companies were granted assistance in establishing contacts with New Zealand partners and in reverse. Assistance was granted for the development of a partnership between Cherkasy Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Ukrainian chamber of Commerce and Industry and the New Zealand company Kelmi Developments Ltd in construction and agrarian sectors.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation.

In dedication to the memory of the victims of the Holodomor 1932Р1933, in one of the parks in the city of Auckland, on 10 May 2008 a symbolic alley of trees was planted. The fore mentioned action of New Zealand’s Ukrainian diaspora also obtained support from circles in the New Zealand government.

Some examples of cooperation:

1. The undertaking the 5th Jubilee Festival of Ukrainian Culture “Father’s home” with representatives of Ukrainian, other communities and New Zealand’s capital political and business circles and community organizations. (September 2013)

2. New Zealand’s national junior athletics team travelled to Ukraine to participate in the International IAAFК World Youth Championships held in Donetsk. (10Р14.07.2013)

3. Support of a relationship with the Europe Institute at the University of Auckland, which includes to create and complete meaningful activities at Europe House, Auckland to showcase and popularize European culture in New Zealand society.

4. New Zealand poet Daren Kamali’s participation at the Lviv International Literary Festival (September 2013). Publication of his work in Ukraine in the Ukrainian language.

6. Legal basis: Number of prevailing documents: one.

Memorandum of agreement of mutual understanding regarding acknowledging certification (certificates) for seafarers according to requirement of Regulation 1/10 of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (or КSTCW), 1978.

7. Ukrainian community

The Ukrainian community in New Zealand begins its history in the middle of 20th century, when in 1949 the first group of Ukrainians (about 170 people) arrived in New Zealand.

According to the New Zealand Census of 2006, 1152 residents stated Ukraine as their birth country. 672 residents considered themselves to be ethnic Ukrainians.

The Ukrainian Association of New Zealand or UANZ was officially registered on 15 June 2007 (website www.nzukrainians.org)

UANZ is chaired by Oleksandr Fialko.

In January 2011 the first camp was held that collected young Ukrainians from New Zealand and Australia.

Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, has a Ukrainian community. (Website www.ukrainianwellington.org.nz/)

8. Embassy of Ukraine in Australia concurrently in New Zealand http://australia.mfa.gov.ua/en

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

1. Officially recognized Ukrainian state: December 31, 1991

2. Diplomatic relations were established: March 16, 1992

3. Political relations:

For two decades there has been political dialogue between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan that has become regular.

Its development is being specially inspired with the following outstanding occasions:

- the meetings between the Presidents of Ukraine and Pakistan within the framework of the United Nations General Assembly in the years 1993, 1997 and 2003;

- high-level talks between the Prime Ministers of Ukraine and Pakistan within the World Economic Forum in Davos in the year 2008;

- exchange of visits at the level of the Ministers for Defense in 1995 and 2006.

- The visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to Ukraine in 1994;

Inter-parliamentary Friendship Group with Ukraine in the National Assembly of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was reestablished in 2013 after the parliamentary elections.

4. Trade & economic cooperation:

In January-April 2015 according to the State Service of Statistics of Ukraine, the volume of trade between Ukraine and Pakistan amounted to 53 million US dollars, with export of goods amounting 22,01 million US dollars (77,1% increase compared to the same period of the last year) and import of goods amounting 30,95 million US dollars (54,9% increase).  Negative balance for Ukraine was 8,94 million US dollars.

In the first quarter of 2015 the volume of trade in services was 0,92 million US dollars, with export of services from Ukraine to Pakistan reaching 0,1 million US dollars (35,1% increase compared to the first quarter of 2014) and import of services amounting to 0,82 million US dollars (150,3% increase). Negative balance for Ukraine was 0,72 million US dollars.

According to the State Service of Statistics of Ukraine, the volume of trade between Ukraine and Pakistan in the year 2014 reached its historical maximum of 498,3 million US dollars (52,4% increase compared to year 2013).

Ukrainian exports are dominated by grains and oilseeds, steel products, machinery and dairy products. Pakistani exports to our country mainly consist of textile products, citrus fruits, rice, plastic and polymer materials.

5. Scientific & Educational cooperation:

Cooperation between Ukraine and Pakistan in scientific & technical field at this stage is represented mainly by joint military & technical, as well as by defense projects.

On the 27-th of June, 2012, in Islamabad, Pakistan, the Ukrainian Universities Alumni Association was established. First congress of the Association took place on the 26-th of September of 2013, in Islamabad.

Hitherto, hundreds of Pakistani citizens have received higher education in Ukrainian universities, i.e. Kyiv Civil Aviation Institute, State Engineering University of Kharkiv, Ukrainian Academy of Arts, National Technical University “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, State Medical University of Vinnytsia, State Medical University of Crimea, State Medical University of Kharkiv.

6. Legal framework and Treaties:

The legal framework of cooperation between Ukraine and Pakistan consists of nine treaties:

1. Agreement (exchange of diplomatic notes) between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations (16.03.1992).

2. Memorandum of Understanding between Ukraine and Pakistan on the Occasion of the Official Visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to Ukraine (07.07.94).

3. Memorandum of Understanding on bilateral consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (03.03.2005).

4. Memorandum of Cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the defence sector (signed 02.11.2006, approved by Cabinet 05.23.2007).

5. Regulation of competence (activity) of the Joint Ukrainian-Pakistani Commission on cooperation in military and defence-industrial sectors (06.10.2009).

6. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on Trade and Economic Cooperation (signed 09.10.2009, entered into force 31.01.2011 р.).

7. Convention on Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income (signed 22.12.2008, entered into force 30.06.2011 р.).

8. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on Establishment of Joint Ukrainian-Pakistani Commission on Economic Cooperation (25.07.2012 р.).

9. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on Mutual Protection of Classified Information (08.12.2012).

7. Ukrainian community:

Ukrainian community in Pakistan is extremely small and dispersed.

The organized cells of Ukrainian community are formally not represented in Pakistan for the time being.

8. Ukrainian diplomatic representation in Pakistan:

1. Embassy of Ukraine in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Address: House 4, Street 5, sector F – 7/3, Islamabad, Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Phone: (00 9251) 260 89 66, Fax: (00 9251) 260 89 67, Email: emb_pk@mfa.gov.ua, web-site: http://pakistan.mfa.gov.ua/ua);

2. Honorary Consul of Ukraine in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Jabbar Memon Abdul (Address: 108/ІІ, 5th Street, Off. Kh-e-Muhafiz, DHA, Phase-VI, Karachi, Pakistan; phone: (92-21) 32733000, fax: (92-21) 327 20419). 

The Republic of the Philippines

1. The date of Ukraine’s recognition: January 22, 1992.

2. The date of the establishment of diplomatic relations: April 7, 1992.

3. Political dialogue

Despite the lack of sustainable political dialogue between Ukraine and the Republic of the Philippines, the two countries established fruitful cooperation within international organizations, including the UN.

4. Trade and economic relations

Nowadays the Philippine economy is one of the most dynamically growing in the Asia-Pacific region and also in the world with the annual growth of over 6%, which is projected for the coming years. This is the result of economic reforms and policies aimed against corruption implemented by President Aquino of the Philippines.

Huge investments are made in infrastructure, which should facilitate the flow of direct foreign investment to the country. A number of anti-corruption initiatives have been undertaken since corruption is a major concern of the Philippine economy. This led to the upgrade of the international credit ratings of the Philippines to investment grade. Thus, in 2013 the "big three" leading rating agencies - Moody's, Fitch, Standard & Poors - raised Philippines sovereign credit ratings to investment grade. Foreign direct investments to the Philippines are dynamically growing, which accounted for more than 6 billion US dollars growth in 2014, as well as Filipino exports at an average pace of 4-6% annually.

The process of modernization of the Philippine armed forces on the basis of long-term 15-year program of upgrading the country's forces approved in 2012 is taking place now. In this context in 2016 in the capital of the Philippines Manila a large-scale exhibition of weapons and dual-use goods «ADAS EXPO 2016 » (Asian Defence, Security & Crisis Management Exhibition) will be held to attract foreign defence contractors. In this regard the possibility of participation of Ukrainian companies in the tenders of the Armed Forces of the Philippines is opening.

Significant infrastructure projects in the Philippines, high dynamics of the economy and market, as well as the process of large-scale modernization of the armed forces deserve special attention and may provide additional opportunities for the Ukrainian companies to enter the Philippine market.

Following 2014, the Ukrainian exports to the Philippines decreased by 43% due to the difficult situation in Ukraine. Philippine exports also declined, but the balance of trade remains positive for Ukraine. Bilateral trade turnover amounted to 77.4 million US dollars.

Following the 1st half of 2015, Ukrainian exports to the Philippines increased by 50% compared to the same period of last year. Philippine imports to Ukraine dropped by 20%. The balance of trade remains positive at 33 million US dollars.

Major commodity goods of the Ukrainian exports to the Philippines are wheat (including wheat mixture), rye, rolled steel, fertilizers and chemical fertilizers, milk and cream. The main items of the Philippine imports to Ukraine are electrical products and electronic circuits, foods and beverages, tires.

An important item on the agenda of Ukrainian-Philippine trade and economic relations is conclusion of an intergovernmental Agreement on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments and creation of a bilateral Business Council between CCI of Ukraine and of the Philippines.

7. Bilateral legal base

Number of valid agreements – 7

Effective Date

Name of the Agreement

1.

07.04.1992

Exchange of Notes between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines on the establishment of  diplomatic relations

2.

17.05.1995

Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Marine training Council of the Republic of the Philippines on the recognition of diplomas (certificates) Ukrainian seafarers in accordance with the requirements of Regulation I/10 of the International Convention on Standards of training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 (with amendments of 1995)

3.

14.04.1997

Memorandum on cooperation between Ukraine and the House of Representatives of the Congress of the Republic of the Philippines

4.

14.07.2003

Protocol on Political Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines

5.

12.03.2008

Memorandum of Understanding between the State Committee for Financial Monitoring of Ukraine and the Council of AML, Financial Intelligence Unit of the Philippine in the exchange of financial information related to the legalization of proceeds from crime and the financing of terrorism

6.

27.11.2010

Agreement between the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Government of Cebu Province on establish of interregional cooperation

7.

06.12.2010

Memorandum of understanding on cooperation between the Diplomatic Academy of Ukraine and Foreign Service Institute of the Republic of the Philippines

8. Ukrainian Community in the Republic of the Philippines

In the Republic of the Philippines there are no Ukrainian diaspora (community) or those who have acquired the status of «Foreign Ukrainian» (expatriate status).

As of September 2015, 15 citizens of Ukraine are residing permanently or temporarily in the Republic of the Philippines.

9. Diplomatic missions:

The Embassy of Ukraine in Japan and the Republic of the Philippines (non-resident): http://japan.mfa.gov.ua

Honorary Consulate General of Ukraine in Manila:

7th Floor, Basic Petroleum Building

104 Carlos Palanca St., Legaspi Village, Makati City, Philippines 1229

E-mail: ukr.phconsulate@gmail.com

Embassy of the Philippines in the Russian Federation and Ukraine (non-resident): http://www.moscowpe.dfa.gov.ph/

Honorary Consulate General of the Republic of the Philippines in Kyiv:

01014, Kyiv, Michurina str. 19А

Tel: (+38 044) 286-62-10

E-mail: phconsulate@list.ru

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Shri-Lanka

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 12.02.1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 15.01.1993

3. Political Relations

On June 20 – July 3, 2010 President of Sri-Lanka paid official visit to Ukraine.

Other bilateral contacts:

In March 1999, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka Mr.Lakshman Kiriella visited Kyiv. He also visited Ukraine in September 2003 as Minister of Plantation Industries of Sri Lanka.

In November 2004, the Deputy Minister of Economy and European Integration of Ukraine Mr. V.Pyatnitsky visited Sri Lanka.

On September 2007, the Minister of Export Development and International Trade of Sri Lanka Mr. G.L.Peiris paid a visit to Ukraine.

On March 4, 2008 the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. V.Khandohiy met with Minister of Disaster Management and Human Rights of Sri Lanka Mr. M.Samarasinghe on the sidelines of the 7th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.

On June 19, 2008 the first political consultations between Ukraine and Sri Lanka were held in Kyiv co-chaired by the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. O.Gorin and Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka Mr.T.Kohona.

4. Trade and economic relations:

According to the State committee on statistics of Ukraine, during the 2014 general volume of turnover between Ukraine and the Shri-Lanka equalled               $ 46935,7 thousands, balance - negative and amounts $ 42280,5 thousands.

5. Humanitarian cooperation

In October 2013, Days of Sri Lankan culture were held in city of Kharkiv.

6. The Treaty Legal Framework of Ukraine-Shri-Lanka Bilateral Relations:

Legal basis of bilateral relations between Ukraine and Sri Lanka is comprised of 7 agreements. 14 draft agreements are under consideration of both sides.

7. Ukrainian community:

Neither Ukrainian diaspora nor community of Ukrainians has been established or existed in Shri-Lanka.

8. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine. Ukraine diplomatic functions in the Shri-Lanka (concurrently) takes Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India (New Delhi) http://india.mfa.gov.ua/ua

The Republic of Singapore 

1. Recognition of Ukraine: on 2 of January 1992.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations:  on 31of March 1992.

3. Ukraine-Singapore political relations:

In July, 2003 – the official visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine A.Zlenko in Singapore;

In January, 2007 – the visit of the First Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Finance of Ukraine in Singapore;

In January, 2010 – the working visit of Foreign Minister of Ukraine P.Poroshenko in Singapore;

In September, 2010 – the official visit of Minister Mentor of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew (with special guest status) in Ukraine;

In March, 2011– the State visit of the President of Ukraine in Singapore;

In September, 2011 – a meeting of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine K.Gryshchenko with Minister for Foreign Affairs, Minister of Law of Singapore  K Shanmuhamom during the 66-th session of the UN General Assembly in New York;

In December, 2014 – President of Ukraine P.Poroshenko paid the working visit in Singapore. During  it he met with President of Singapore Tony Tan Keng Yam and Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong;

In May, 2015 – Minister for Foreign Affairs, Minister for Law of Singapore  K Shanmugam visited Kyiv. He was received by President P.Poroshenko, Prime Minister A.Yatseniuk, and had a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs P.Klimkin.

4. Trade and economy:

Trade and economic cooperation (TEC) is an important part of relations between Ukraine and Singapore. 

In 2014 the Ukrainian-Singaporean turnover amounted to 205,3 million USD (in 2013 – 331.5 million USD), export was 148.8 million USD, import was 56.5 million USD (in 2013 – 64.7 million USD). Balance was positive – 92.1 million USD (in 2013– 202.0 million USD).

In the first half of 2015 the Ukrainian-Singaporean turnover affected by the Russian aggression against Ukraine decreased substantially in comparison with the previous years and amounted to 25.9 million USD, export was 10.1 million USD, import was 15.8 million USD. Balance was negative – 5,7 million USD.

Ukraine’s main exports to Singapore are chemicals and metallurgy; from Singapore to Ukraine – household appliances and semi-finished food products. Service sector holds significant part of TEC.

Legal base in economic sphere is being formed.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations cultural cooperation and humanitarian exchanges have contributed to the deepening of mutual awareness between the Ukrainians and the Singaporeans. Ukraine becomes much more knowable in Singapore due to a wide range of cultural and humanitarian events.

Since 2014 the Ukrainian Club of Singapore (officially registered in Singapore in June 2015) is bringing together dozens of the Ukrainians and conducting educational, social and charity events.

6. Science and Technology cooperation:

Science and Technology cooperation between Ukraine and Singapore does not have systematic character, relevant exchanges are quite spontaneous.

Both sides are working closely on a Memorandum of understanding between the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the Agency for Science, Technology and Research of Singapore (A*STAR). When concluded, it would speed up and better regulate cooperation in the respective fields.

7. Legal base:

The Treaty Legal Framework of the Ukrainian-Singaporean relations consists of 8 documents:

Key agreements:

Agreement (in form of Exchange of Notes) on establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Singapore (March 31, 1992).

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Singapore on the promotion and reciprocal protection of investments (July 17, 2007).

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Singapore for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income (December 18, 2009).

Memorandum of Understanding on Establishment of a Consultative Mechanism between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Singapore (February 19, 2013).

8. Ukrainian community:

More than 500 Ukrainians are staying in Singapore, 267 of them are registered at the Embassy.

The Ukrainian Club of Singapore was registered in June 2015.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in Singapore: http://singapore.mfa.gov.ua/ua

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

1. Establishment of the Diplomatic relations: September 27, 2003.

2.  High-level dialogue: By now, the embassies of the two countries have not been set up. Since 2005, the bilateral relations with Timor-Leste have been located to the area of the responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia.

As a non-permanent member of UN Security Council in 2000-2001, Ukraine has made significant contributions to the support of movement for the Independence of Timor-Leste, setting the peace and the establishment of the UN presence in the country. Till December 2012, 12 representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine participated in the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (IMOONT). The presence of Ukrainian personnel in the IMOONT was a significant positive factor for the development of the bilateral relations between the two countries. On September 1, 2011 H.E. Mr. Ihor V.Humennyi, the Ambassador of Ukraine to Malaysia was appointed as the Ambassador of Ukraine to Timor-Leste with residence in Malaysia. On December 14, 2011 H.E. Mr. Ihor V.Humennyi presented his credentials to the former President of Timor-Leste H.E. Dr. José Ramos-Horta.

Every year the Ambassador of Ukraine pays the working visit to Timor- Leste. The last trip of H.E. Mr. Ihor.V.Humennyi to the young country has been held on December, 2015. During the visit the Ambassador held bilateral meetings with state authorities of Timor- Leste.

3. Trade and economic relations:

In 2015, the trade operations between Ukraine and Timor-Leste have not been recorded. Bilateral investment cooperation between the two countries also hasn’t been established.

4. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

There are some perspectives for the development of the bilateral humanitarian cooperation in the field of education. The Embassy is actively working on finding the possibility for the education of the Timor-Leste’s students in the Ukraine’s Universities.

5. Scientific and educational cooperation:

Despite the fact that the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is currently one of the largest recipients of international donor assistance, significant reserves of oil and gas give a reason to forecast the intensive economic development of the young country during the next 10 years. In this regard, the development of the bilateral relations between Ukraine and Timor-Leste in science and technology, energy, military-technical and educational areas have certain perspectives.

6. Bilateral agreements:

Two countries signed only one international agreement - Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of  Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

7. Ukrainian community: there is no Ukrainian Diaspora in Timor - Leste.

8.  Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia concurrently in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste http://malaysia.mfa.gov.ua/en

The Republic of Tajikistan

1. Recognition of Ukraine.

Tajikistan recognized the Independence of Ukraine on December 25, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations.

Diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan were established on April 24, 1992.

3. Political relations.

Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan are based on principles of mutual respect, equality, trust, as well as on commonly recognized principles and norms of international law. The two states cooperate in trade and economic, energy, cultural, humanitarian and other spheres.

Ukraine and Tajikistan cooperate in the international arena and demonstrate respect for territorial integrity of both states.

In December 2011 an official visit, and in June 2012 – a working visit of President of the Republic of Tajikistan E.Rahmon to Ukraine took place.

In April 2015 Majlisi Namoyandagon (lower house) of Majlisi Oli (parliament) of the Republic of Tajikistan has formed a group of friendship and cooperation with  Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, led by Rahmonzoda Abdulgaffor Aziz - Deputy Head of the Committee on state administration and local governance of Majlisi Namoyandagon.

4. Trade and economic relations.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, during the period from January to June 2015 volume of turnover in goods and services between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan equaled $ 16.3 million and reduced compared to similar period of 2014 on $ 8.2 million or 66.5%. Export of goods to Tajikistan equaled $ 14.2 million and reduced compared to similar period of 2014 on $ 9.3 million or 60.5%.

Main export items to the Republic of Tajikistan are products of agricultural complex, machine building and chemical industry.

Main import items to Ukraine are production of metallurgy (aluminum and products of aluminum), light industry (cotton and yarn of cotton) and agricultural complex (dried fruits).

There were no investments to the economy of Ukraine from the Republic of Tajikistan in the first half of 2015.

Participation of the Ukrainian enterprises, companies and organizations in the implementation of projects in hydro energy sphere, in particular the development of small hydro energy objects, construction of electricity transmission lines, re-equipment of the existing plant complexes in the Republic of Tajikistan, creating joint ventures in coal and oil processing spheres, production and processing of agricultural production, as well as supplying passenger and cargo railway cars are prospective directions of cooperation.

Taking into account availability of modern technological equipment and existing experience, Ukraine is interested in construction of Tajik-Afghan juncture of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan railway, Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan-China gas pipeline, CASA-1000 electricity transmission line Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation.

Development of cultural and humanitarian cooperation is one of important directions of the development of bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan.

Holding the Days of Culture of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan in June 2013 contributed to broadening cultural and humanitarian cooperation.

According to the reached arrangements, the Days of Culture of Tajikistan have to take place in Kyiv.

6. Science and education cooperation.

Agreement between the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Tajikistan on cooperation in the sphere of education (23.09.2003) facilitates the development of cooperation in the sphere of education.

According to the Agreement, Ukraine yearly allocates the funds from its budget expenditures for the citizens of Tajikistan to study in the higher educational institutions of Ukraine. In particular, for 2015-2016 academic year were allocated 20 state scholars for Tajikistan. Presently about 400 Tajik students are studying in Ukraine.

7. Treaty and legal basis.

Total number of signed treaties and legal documents between Ukraine and the RT amounts to 80.

Key document: Treaty of friendship and cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan (dates on 2001).

8. Ukrainian community.

Total number of citizens of the Ukrainian origin is about one thousand persons, most of them live in the Sughd region of Tajikistan.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan

(http://tajikistan.mfa. gov.ua/ua).

The Kingdom of Thailand

1. Date of recognition: on 26th of December 1991 the Kingdom of Thailand recognised Ukraine as a sovereign and independent state.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations: on 6th of May, 1992, Ukraine and the Kingdom of Thailand established diplomatic relations.

3. Political relations:

 On March 9-11, 2004, the President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma paid an official visit to the Kingdom of Thailand.

On September 27, 2004, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Konstantyn Grishenko held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand Mr. S.Sitiratay in the framework of 59th session of the UN General Assembly in New-York.

 On September 9, 2009, first round of political consultations at the level of deputies of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Kingdom of Thailand took place in Kyiv, Ukraine.

On September 26, 2011, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Konstantyn Grishenko held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand Mr. Surapong Tovichakchaikul in the framework of 66th session of the UN General Assembly in New-York.

On March 18-20, 2012, an official visit of Commander-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army, general Prayuth Chan-o-cha took place.

On October 10-13, 2012, Minister of Defence of Thailand, Chief Air Marshal Suvanatat paid an official visit to Ukraine. The Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Cooperation in the Field of Defence was signed.

Courtesy visit of the Minister of Defence of Ukraine took place in January 2013.

4. Bilateral trade

According to the data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the total turnover for the first half of 2015, excluding the temporarily occupied territory of the Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, amounted to $ 91.308 million and decreased by 23.1% or $ 27.446 million. Exports decreased by 10.1% or $ 4.860 million and amounted to $ 43.179 million, imports fell by 32% or $ 22.605 million and amounted to $ 48,129. Balance was negative and amounted to $ 4.950 million. According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine there are no investments from Ukraine to Thailand and from Thailand to Ukraine.

5. The Treaty Legal Framework of the Ukrainian-Thai Relations:

The Treaty Legal Framework of the Ukrainian-Thai Relations consists of 15 documents:

-      Agreement on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Thailand, with related exchanges of Notes (1992);

-      Memorandum of Understanding between the Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine and the Kingdom of Thailand (1998);

-      Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on establishment of the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Thai Commission on Bilateral Cooperation (2002);

-      Protocol on Cooperation between the ICC of Ukraine and Thailand (December, 2002);

-      Protocol between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Thailand on market access for goods and services (December, 2003);

-      Convention between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital (March, 2004);

-      Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Air flights (March, 2004);

-      Protocol on cooperation and consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand (March, 2004);

-      Protocol on Cooperation between the Ukrainian League of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs and Federation of the Thai Industry (March, 2004);

-      Agreement on cooperation between the Ukrainian League of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (ULIE) and the Joint Committee on Commerce, Industry and Banking of Thailand (March, 2004);

-      Protocol between the “Thai Airways" and “Aerosvit” and “Ukraine International” on cooperation in the sphere of air transportation and a new protocol between “Aerosvit” and "Thai Airways” on further cooperation (March, 2004);

-      Agreement between the Chamber of Trade and Commerce of Ukraine and Federation of Trade Chambers of Thailand (June, 2004);

-      Memorandum of Understanding between the State Committee for Financial Monitoring of Ukraine and anti-money laundering Department (AMLO) of the Kingdom of Thailand on cooperation in the exchange of financial information relating to money laundering (July, 2005);

-      Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on abolition of visa requirements for holders of diplomatic, service and official passports (October, 2007);

-      Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on cooperation in the sphere of defense (October 12, 2012).

6. Ukrainian community:

Neither Ukrainian diaspora nor community of Ukrainians has been established or existed in the Kingdom of Thailand. Around 800 Ukrainians are being employed in Thailand.

7. Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Thailand - http://thailand.mfa.gov.ua

Turkmenistan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 20, 1991

2. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: October 10, 1992

3. Political relations

The Ukrainian – Turkmen relations are characterized by a high level of interaction and an intensive political dialogue at all levels. In September 2011official visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan was held, in December 2012 – meeting of the presidents of the two countries in the framework of the Council of the CIS, in February 2013 – state visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan.

Meetings of the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Turkmenistan are held on a regular basis. Regular mutual exchange of delegations at governmental and ministerial levels is held.

Among the most important recent events of the Ukrainian – Turkmen relations are: the working visit of the Foreign Minister of Ukraine P.Klimkin to Turkmenistan (03.11.2014); the visit of Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredov to Ukraine (26-27.03.2015); the fourth meeting of the Joint Intergovernmental Ukrainian – Turkmen Commission on the economic, cultural and humanitarian cooperation (27.05.2015).

The group for inter-parliamentary relations with Turkmenistan has been formed in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (9 deputies). Inter-parliamentary relations with the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine are coordinated by the Chairman of the Committee on International and Inter-parliamentary Relations of the Majlis (the Parliament of Turkmenistan).

4. Trade-economic and investment cooperation between Ukraine and Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is an important trade and economic partner of Ukraine in the region of Central Asia.

Mutual trade in goods in 2014 amounted to 691.5 million USD and increased by 14.5 million USD, compared to the same period in 2013. The exports amounted to 604.2 million USD and increased by 61.3 million USD; imports amounted to 87.3 million USD and decreased by 48.0 million USD. Positive trade balance of Ukraine was 516.9 million USD.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, during the 6 months 2015 trade turnover between Ukraine and Turkmenistan amounted to 238.02 million USD and decreased by 19.65%. Exports amounted to 208.1 million USD and decreased by 26.05%, import made up 30 million USD and decreased by 13.25%. Bilateral trade balance for Ukraine was positive and amounted to 178.1 million USD.   

Export to Turkmenistan consisted of metal products, agricultural products, machinery, chemicals, furniture and food products.

Import from Turkmenistan 2015 consisted mainly of wool and cotton, textile and petroleum products.

Exports of services during 6 months in 2015 amounted to 104.6 million USD, import reached 26.45 million USD.

The investment activities between the two countries are limited. As of August 2015, Turkmenistan has invested in the economy of Ukraine 0.380 million USD (manufacturing industry – 91.2%, wholesale – 8.8%). Ukrainian investment in Turkmenistan are absent.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Cooperation between Ukraine and Turkmenistan in cultural sphere is facilitated by 22 legal documents.

In 2011 Culture Days of Ukraine in Turkmenistan were held with a number of exhibitions organized, including "Golden Treasury of Ukraine" (holograms), "Ukraine today" (photographs) and "Petrykivka - the pearl of Ukraine" (painting).

In 2012 Culture Days of Turkmenistan were held in Ukraine. Visit of the President of Turkmenistan H.Berdymuhamedov to Ukraine (March 13-14, 2012) was accompanied by a grand cultural and artistic program. A joint concert of Turkmen and Ukrainian artists was organized in the National Opera of Ukraine.

Ukrainian artists regularly participate in festivals held in Turkmenistan: Folk and International Music & Song festivals, International Children's Festival of the CIS, International Book Fair "A book is the way to cooperation and progress", International Exhibition and Conference "Education, Sport and Tourism in the era of power and happiness".

To celebrate the 200th anniversary of Taras Shevchenko's birthday and the 290th anniversary of Turkmen poet and thinker Makhtumkuli Fragi an illustrated translations of their works were published in Turkmenistan and Ukraine.

Director of Publishing and the press department of the State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine O.Kononenko as well as a member of the Union of Writers of Ukraine P.Movchan were awarded with «Magtymguly Pyragy» (Makhtumkuli Fragi) medal.

Translated version of the fundamental scientific work "Medicinal Plants of Turkmenistan" written by the President of Turkmenistan H.Berdymuhamedov was published in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

Educational cooperation between Ukraine and Turkmenistan is based on Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Turkmenistan on cooperation in the field of education (2011).

Turkmenistan is one of the leading countries in terms of the number of foreign students studying in Ukraine. As of January 1, 2015 about 13 000 Turkmen students were gaining education in Ukrainian universities. Council of rectors of higher educational institutions of Ukraine and Turkmenistan held its second meeting in May 2015.

A number of draft agreements between a Ukrainian and Turkmen universities are currently under consideration. 

7. The legal framework

The legal basis of Ukrainian – Turkmen relations consists of 125 documents, including:

Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation (1994);

Free Trade Agreement (1996);

Agreement for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (1999);

Interstate program of economic cooperation between Ukraine and Turkmenistan for 2012-2015 (2012).

8. Ukrainian community

The total number of ethnic Ukrainian living in Turkmenistan is about 14-15 thousand people.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in Turkmenistan

http://turkmenistan.mfa.gov.ua/ua

The Republic of Uzbekistan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 4, 1992

2. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: August 25, 1992

3. Political relations

- 4 visits of the President of Ukraine to Uzbekistan (last in 2003) and 6 visits of the President of Uzbekistan to Ukraine (last in 1999);

- 6 visits of Prime Minister of Ukraine to Uzbekistan (last in 2007), and 4 visits of the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan to Ukraine (last in 2007);

- 4 visits of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Uzbekistan (last  in October 2013) and 2 visits of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan to Ukraine (last in 2010 to attend inauguration ceremony of the President of Ukraine).

Joint Ukrainian – Uzbekistani Commission on Comprehensive Cooperation was established in 1997. 7 meetings of the Commission were held (last in 2007 in Kyiv).

4. Trade-economic and investment cooperation between Ukraine and Uzbekistan

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. in the six months of 2015 overall turnover of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Uzbekistan amounted to 125,7 million USD (decrease by 39,0% compared to the same period of 2014). Exports composed 94,6 million USD (44,6% decrease), imports – 31,1 million USD (12,1% decrease). Positive trade balance of Ukraine – $63,5 million USD. 

Commodity structure of exports: pharmaceutical products (21,7%), machinery (12,7%), paper and cardboard (12,4%), ferrous metals products (8,9%), ferrous metals (5,6%), meat products (5,2%), milk products (4,1%), grain products (2,4%).

Commodity structure of imports: fertilizers (34,4%), cotton (20,8%), zinc (20,8%), fruits and nuts (6,3%), transport machinery (3,9%).

As of 01.04.2015 direct investments in Ukraine from Uzbekistan amounted to 870,8 thousand USD (transport – 64,4%, wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles – 26,3%, construction – 6,5%).

As of 01.04.2015 Ukrainian direct investments in Uzbekistan amounted to 362,9 thousand USD (industry – 58,3%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Both countries have close traditional ties: representatives of artistic associations, Ukrainian and Uzbek athletes, tennis chess players exchange regular contacts.

Monuments of Ukrainian poet and artist Taras Shevchenko were erected in Uzbek cities of Tashkent and Zarafshan. One of the central streets of Tashkent, rebuilt after the earthquake of 1966 by Ukrainian constructors, was named after Taras Shevchenko.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

Cooperation between Ukraine and Uzbekistan in the field of education is amongst the most promising directions of bilateral cooperation. Bilateral legal base in this field includes Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan on cooperation in the field of education and Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan on mutual recognition of diplomas.

In 2014-15 more than 2000 students from Uzbekistan studied in Ukraine.

7. The legal framework

The legal basis of bilateral relations consists of 149 legal documents, including 57 interstate and intergovernmental agreements, 28 interdepartmental agreements, 4 documents which have not yet entered into force, 28 documents that ceased to be effective, 32 documents which do not have the status of international agreements.

Key documents:

- Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Uzbekistan on Friendship and Further Deepening of Comprehensive Cooperation (19.02.1998).

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Free Trade (29.12.1994) and additional Protocol (25.06.2004).

The parties are working on several draft bilateral documents mainly in economic field.

8. Ukrainian community

Ukrainian Diaspora in Uzbekistan amounts to 90 thousand people, Crimean Tatar Diaspora, according to unofficial data, is around 40 thousand people.

6 Ukrainian and one Crimean Tatar cultural center («AVDET») are acting in Uzbekistan. Republican Ukrainian Cultural Center "Slavutych" (Tashkent) coordinates activities of Ukrainian cultural centers in the country.

9. Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Uzbekistan

http://uzbekistan.mfa.gov.ua/ua

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 27, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 23, 1992

3. Political relations:

The State visit of the President of Ukraine L. Kuchma to Vietnam in April 1996 laid the foundation of the bilateral relations at the highest level between the two countries. During this visit the inter-state Treaty on principles of relations between Ukraine and Vietnam was signed.

In the year 2000 the President of Vietnam Tran Duc Luong paid a State visit to Ukraine. A number of intergovernmental and interagency documents were signed in the framework of the visit as well as the joint statement of the presidents of two countries was issued.

The official visit to Vietnam of the Head of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine V.Lytvyn, held on December 5-7, 2010.

On March 25-27, 2011 the State visit of the President of Ukraine to Vietnam was held. During the visit a number of bilateral agreements were signed. The main result of the visit was the signing of the Joint Declaration on the establishment of the relations of comprehensive cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and Vietnam by the Presidents of the two countries, which outlines the main directions, forms and mechanisms for further cooperation on a range of bilateral and international issues. The document also defines priorities for cooperation between Ukraine and Vietnam.

On October 4-6, 2011 the official visit of Prime Minister of Vietnam Nguyen Tan Dung to Ukraine took place. In the framework of the visit the 12th meeting of the Ukrainian-Vietnamese Intergovernmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation was held.

On March 7-8, 2012 Foreign Minister of Ukraine K. Gryshchenko paid an official visit to Vietnam. During the visit the Joint Communiqué was approved by the two sides which contains a three-year action plan (for the period of 2012-2015) for the establishment of strategic relations between Ukraine and Vietnam.

On November 15-16, 2012 the official visit of Prime Minister of Ukraine to Vietnam took place. The outcome of the negotiations was the signing of the Joint Communiqué of the Prime Ministers of Ukraine and Vietnam, which contains an analysis of the current state of relations between the two countries. The visit was also marked by the Ukrainian-Vietnamese business forum and signing a number of bilateral documents.

On September 26, 2014, during the 69-th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine P.A.Klimkin and Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Vietnam Pham Binh Minh held a working meeting.

According to the agreements reached during the visit of V.Lytvyn to Vietnam, in November 2011 the friendship group “Vietnam-Ukraine” was established at the National Assembly of Vietnam. The group includes 9 people. The Chairman of the friendship group is a member of the Vietnamese Communist Party Central Committee, Member of the Parliament, Mr. Le Bo Linh. The Verkhovna Rada friendship group “Ukraine-Vietnam” is chaired by the member of the Parliament, Mr. A.A.Gordeyev. In the framework of the visit of the Verkhovna Rada delegation to the 132nd Assembly of the Interparliamentary Union held in Hanoi from March 26 till April 2, 2015, the meeting with the National Assembly friendship group “Vietnam-Ukraine” was conducted.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

In 2014 the bilateral trade turnover between Ukraine and Vietnam was 418.78 million USD, (-22,5%  than in 2013). Ukraine's export to Vietnam in 2014 was 126.65 million USD (-31,6% comparing to 2013 indicators), import from Vietnam to Ukraine was 292.13 million US dollars (decrease by -17.8% than in 2013). The trade deficit for Ukraine in 2014 was 165.48 million US dollars.

In the first half of 2015 total trade turn over between Ukraine and Vietnam accounted for 127,52 million USD.

Ukraine’s export to Vietnam includes ferrous metals and articles (50.1 %), products of plant origin (24.6%), machinery, equipment and mechanisms (7.5 %), live animals and animal products (5.4%), works of art (3.7%).

Vietnam imported from Ukraine mainly machinery, equipment and mechanisms (45.9%), products of plant origin (13.2%), live animals and animal products (10.9%), footwear, head-dress and umbrellas (9.6%), textiles and articles thereof (3.7%).

5. Scientific and educational cooperation

Scientific and technical cooperation is based on the Agreement on scientific and technical cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1996). There is the Joint Intergovernmental Subcommission on scientific and technical cooperation between Ukraine and Vietnam. The 5th meeting of the Subcommission was held on December 5-9, 2011 in Hanoi.

Cooperation in the area of education and culture is based on the “Agreement on cooperation in the sphere of education between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Vietnam” (2011) and the Plan of cooperation in the sphere of culture and art between the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine and the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam for the period of 2011-2015”.

As of June 2015 approximately one thousand students from Vietnam study in Ukraine. 12 students from Ukraine study in Vietnam.

6. Legal basis of Ukraine and Vietnam

The current legal framework of bilateral relations has 47 agreements.

Among the latter – documents signed during the State visit of the President of Ukraine to Vietnam (March 24-27, 2011), in particular “Agreement on cooperation between the National Bank of Ukraine and the State Bank of Vietnam”, “Agreement on cooperation in agriculture between the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam”, “Agreement on cooperation in the sphere of education between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Vietnam”, “The plan of cooperation in the sphere of culture and art between the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine and the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam for the period of 2011-2015”, “Memorandum of Understanding between the State Agency for Investment and National Projects of Ukraine and the Agency for Foreign Investment of Vietnam”, “Agreement on cooperation in the sphere of standardization, metrology and conformity assessment between the State Agency for Technical Regulation of Ukraine and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Vietnam”, “Memorandum of Understanding between the State Agency for Investment and National Projects of Ukraine and Viettel Group Corporation”

During the official visit of Prime Minister of Ukraine to Vietnam (15-16 November 2012) another three documents were signed: “Agreement on cooperation in the field of biomedical research between the State Agency for Science, Innovations and Informatization of Ukraine and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Vietnam”, “The plan of cooperation in the sphere of tourism for the period of 2013-2015 between the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine and the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports of Vietnam”, “Plan for the implementation of the Agreement on cooperation in the sphere of standardization, metrology and conformity assessment between the State Agency for Technical Regulation of Ukraine and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Vietnam for the period of 2013-2014”.

7. Ukrainian community

Ukrainian community, living on the territory of Vietnam at the end of June 2015 is not numerous: there are only 120 persons in the consular register of the Embassy. At the same time the unofficial estimates do not exceed one thousand of citizens of Ukraine, actually residing in Vietnam.

In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam there are neither organizations of Ukrainian community, nor religious communities of immigrants from Ukraine.

Most citizens of Ukraine living in Vietnam are the labor migrants. They mainly consider their stay in Vietnam as a temporary and plan to return home after a labor contract with the company-employer finishes. Ukrainian citizens work in the fields of tourism, trade, maritime transport, coal and petroleum, and a small number of them are engaged in business. There are also few Ukrainians who belong to the mixed Ukrainian-Vietnamese families.

The places of compact residence of the citizens of Ukraine in Vietnam are cities of Hanoi (about 50 people), Nha Trang (about 100), Vung Tau (about 100), and Ho Chi Minh (50).

8. Embassy of Ukraine in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

http://vietnam.mfa.gov.ua/en