The legal framework of Ukraine-U.S. cooperation in the sphere of science and technology constitutes the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the United States on Scientific and Technological Cooperation, signed on December 4, 2006. The Agreement contributed to promoting ties between scientific and technological institutions, exchange of experience, information and technologies in the areas of mutual interest. The agreement, last updated in October 2017, is in the process of prolongation.
Scientific exchanges between Ukraine and the United States began in early 1990’s and were carried out mainly at the expense of the U.S. Government. The relevant programs funded by the Congress, Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development and implemented through a number of American organizations, such as the Council for the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), the American Councils for International Education, and the "Fulbright" and "Open World" programs.
In order to expand bilateral dialogue in science and technology, and in the context of implementation of the arrangements reached during the second U.S.-Ukraine Strategic Partnership Commission (held on July 2, 2010 in Kyiv), a new mechanism of cooperation was initiated - the Ukraine – U.S. Science and Technology Working Group (STWG). The Group helped to facilitate bilateral contacts in the sphere of science and technology. Nevertheless, the last and so far the final STWG meeting was held on December 12, 2012.
In the framework of bilateral agreements on nuclear nonproliferation, the United States continues to provide assistance to Ukraine in retraining scientists who were formerly involved in Soviet weapons of mass destruction programs, in order to redirect their activities into the civilian sector. In particular, the U.S. has financed such initiatives through The Science and Technology Center in Ukraine via various grant programs.
Among the recent landmark events of bilateral cooperation can be mentioned launching of the state of the art nuclear facility called Neutron Source at Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology. This facility is designated to conduct fundamental and applied researches in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine etc. Its construction was financed by the U.S. in response to Ukraine’s decision to remove all its HEU which had been used for scientific purposes.
Unveiling of the facility on December 8, 2014, was attended by Rose Gottemoeller, the U.S. Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security.
On June 14-16, 2015 the annual TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo took place in Gaylord National Hotel and Convention Center. Its participants – scientists and researchers from around the world – have a unique opportunity to present their innovations and devices directly to the industry.
This year with the assistance of the U.S. – Ukraine Foundation and to the Ukraine Research and Development Enterprise for the first time in its history, Ukraine took part in this event and presented a number of projects in the areas of environment protection, waste water management, electric welding, cybersecurity, etc. The visitors and participants received an opportunity to learn about the real scientific potential of Ukraine, discuss the possibilities of establishing direct contacts with the national scientific institutions.
The United States and Ukraine conducted the First United States-Ukraine Bilateral Cyber Dialogue in Kyiv, Ukraine, on September 29, 2017.
The U.S. delegation was led by Special Assistant to the President and National Security Council Senior Director for International Cybersecurity Policy Joshua Steinman, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Cyber and International Communications and Information Policy Robert Strayer, and Deputy Coordinator for Cyber Issues at the Department of State Michele Markoff. The U.S. delegation also included representatives from the Departments of State, Treasury, Defense, Justice, Energy, and Homeland Security, as well as the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Ukrainian delegation was led by First Deputy Foreign Minister Vadym Prystaiko and included representatives from the National Bank of Ukraine, Ministry of Defense, National Security and Defense Council, State Security Services of Ukraine, State Service for Special Communication and Information Protection, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Both sides also affirmed their commitment to an internet that is open, interoperable, reliable, and secure. They also expressed a shared concern that the most serious malicious cyber activities have the potential to undermine peace, prosperity, and the stability of the international community.
United States will provide over $18 million in new cyber assistance to strengthen Ukraine’s ability to prevent, mitigate, and respond to cyberattacks. The dialogue strengthened whole-of-government bilateral cooperation on cybersecurity and cyber policy matters.
Ukraine and the United States held the third round of cyber consultations if the frame of Cybersecurity Dialogue in Kyiv on March 3, 2020. This meeting reaffirmed the shared commitment to ensure an open, interoperable, reliable, and secure cyberspace in which all states behave responsibly.
Information updated as to May 2020
The legal framework of Ukrainian-American cooperation on health protection is based on the Memorandum of Understanding between Ukraine and Government of the United States for technical assistance in the field of health, concluded in 2003 under the Agreement between Governments of Ukraine and the United States Regarding Humanitarian and Technical Economic Cooperation of 7 May 1992.
Cooperation is carried out by implementing programs and technical assistance projects funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).
The main areas of such cooperation include:
Partnership of medical institutions of Ukraine and the USA for primary health care, medical education, and combating HIV/AIDS;
Children's diseases developed as a consequence of the Chornobyl disaster;
Prevention of birth defects;
Prevention and combating HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.
Cooperation in the fight against the spread of HIV/AIDS, carried out according to the Strategy on HIV/AIDS by USAID and Ukraine. As part of this strategy there are projects aimed at building the exchange of information on HIV/AIDS prevention and related services, and the elimination of discrimination and stigma against HIV-infected and AIDS patients.
The U.S. government co-finances a number of programs of the international organizations in Ukraine including the projects as follows:
Prevention of HIV and care for people with HIV/AIDS - through the International HIV/AIDS "Expansion scope of work with HIV/AIDS at the national level through information and services";
Prevention of transmission of HIV/AIDS from mother to child – through a program with the American International Health Alliance, the Program for Appropriate Technology Health (PATH) and the project "Health of Mother and Child";
Caring families and communities for children affected by HIV – through the program "Families for Children", implemented by the company Holt International Children`s Services, Inc. and the program "Prevention of children, and abandoned by HIV-positive mothers" of Doctors of the World;
Improving the policy, strategic planning, management, monitoring and evaluation - through the "Futures Group International";
Overcoming stigma and discriminationimplemented by "International aid and development (IRD)".
Another avenue of cooperation is in combating the spread and development of biological weapons. On August 29, 2005, the Agreement between the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense concerning cooperation in preventing the spread of technology, pathogens and expertise that can be used to develop biological weapons, was signed. This agreement falls under Article II of the Framework Agreement between the U.S. and Ukraine of 25 October 1993 concerning the elimination of strategic nuclear weapons and preventing their proliferation.
Cooperation within this agreement is aimed at improving logistics, biosecurity and biosafety facilities which store especially dangerous pathogens; joint biological research for preventive, protective and peaceful purposes; monitoring of communicable diseases and their outbreaks in Ukraine. The United States supplied modern equipment to their counterpart in Ukraine – Central Sanitary-epidemiological station of the Ministry of Health.
Acting Minister of Health of Ukraine Ulyana Nadia Suprun visited the USA in the period from June 13 to June 18, 2017. The main purpose of the visit was to attend the XXXVII Congress of the Ukrainian Medical Association of North America, Ukrainian Days of the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America and the V Annual Meeting of the US-Ukraine Working Group.
During the visit, acting The Minister of Defense also held a separate meeting with the Minister of Health and Social Services of USA, a few of bilateral meetings with representatives of US government agencies (State Department, USAID, FBI), as well as international and non-governmental organizations (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Heritage Institute Foundation), where the problematic issues of reforming the health care system of Ukraine and combating corruption in the medical sphere were discussed.
Dialogue on the level of the heads of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and the US Department of Health and Human Services was continued in 2019. During the consultations parties discussed a possibility to conclude a bilateral Memorandum of Cooperation.
In March 2019, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention a signed Memorandum of Cooperation.
In November 2019, a delegation of the US National Institutes of Health visited Ukraine and held talks on cooperation with the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and leading specialized institutes and universities. The parties reached a preliminary agreement which will allow Ukraine to join the international data exchange program in the field of tuberculosis control.
Information updated as to May 2020
The legal framework of the Ukraine-U.S. cooperation in the sphere of space exploration is the Framework Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the United States of America for Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes, signed on March 31, 2008. Currently the Parties are discussing the extension of this Agreement.
An good example of successful Ukraine-U.S. cooperation in the space sector would be the “Antares” project. “Antares” is a space launcher, developed by U.S. Orbital Sciences (Orbital-ATK, in 2018 the company was acquired by Northrop Grumman), with the active involvement of “Pivdenne” Design Office, “Pivdenmash” production facility (both companies are from the city of Dnipro, Ukraine), as well as i.a. “Khartron-ARKOS” (Kharkiv, Ukraine), Khartron-Ukom (Zaporizzhia, Ukraine), RAPID (Chernigiv, Ukraine). “Antares” is a two-stage vehicle that provides low-Earth orbit launch capability for payloads weighing up to 8,000 kg.
“Antares” is a liquid-fuel launcher. Its booster was designed by “Pivdenne” Design Office and produced at “Pivdenmash” production facility according to the contract signed with Orbital Sciences in 2008.
In 2013 NASA granted Orbital with a contract to resupply the International Space Station (ISS) under a Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) agreement. The company was selected to continue flying cargo re-supply missions under the Commercial Resupply Services contract which includes at least six missions starting 2019.
For resupply missions to the ISS “Antares” carries the Cygnus cargo module, capable of accommodating up to 3,515 kilograms of supplies.
Starting 2018, two “Antares” launches are being performed each year. The next, 13-th launch is scheduled for September, 2020.
“Antares” project is a brilliant example of fruitful cooperation of Ukraine and U.S. space industries in the area of peaceful space exploration. According to the known by the Embassy calculates, each launch of the “Antares” vehicle attracts approximately USD 40 mln. investments into the national space industry and helps to maintain almost 25 thousand work places for highly qualified workers and engineers.
The participation of Ukrainian entities in Moon exploration projects remains potentially viable area for further strengthening Ukraine-U.S. space cooperation.
Exchange of visits between national space agencies contribute to strengthening bilateral space cooperation. The last (but not least) visit of the Ukrainian State Space Agency Chairman to the U.S. took place in September, 2019.
Ukrainian delegations traditionally participate in Space Symposiums arranged every year in Colorado Springs, CO.
Information updated as to May 2020
In recent years the achievements of Ukrainian scientists have been growing in the field of nanotechnologies. These technologies enable the construction of objects capable of introducing drastic changes into production processes, improving radically the properties of materials, and increasing the productivity of devices and equipment with molecular precision.
New materials with fundamentally new properties and outstanding characteristics are developed by means of nanotechnology. Developments by Ukrainian scientists in such areas as a new type of semiconductor scintillator for high-speed x-ray introscopes, tomographs, and dosimeters with high dosage capacity are promising. In the field of advanced chemical sciences new methods of obtaining nano-composites are being developed based on electroconductive polymers. The possibility to obtain matrix electroconductive polymeric anticorrosion coatings electrochemically has been established. This is important because, in general terms, constructional and composite materials are increasingly becoming a priority for manufacturing.
The application of new technological means to modify scandium alloys based on aluminum will reduce Ukrainian dependence on strategically significant metal imports.
On the whole, for the national economy to grow and innovate it is essential to use the results of our domestic scientific research for the development of scarce import-replacing substances and materials.
Ukraine has high potential as regards to the development of organic luminescent materials with new properties, and having diversified applications, along with advanced technologies for production using the available raw materials. The Ukrainian program for the production of basaltic fibers, fabrics and composites based thereon, is equally important.
Applications of these materials will enable large-scale manufacturing of basaltic continuous fibers and products; by which means Ukraine can resolve shortages of wood, metal, fiberglass as well as remove carcinogenic earth-flax completely.
Producing high-quality, heat-resistant and high-strength materials is an important engineering prerequisite for making new competitive products, to be offered at mass market and sold in foreign and domestic markets.
The research and development of new materials and technologies in Ukraine are performed by a number of specialized research institutes, and departments of higher educational institutions of Ukraine, namely:
Since 1997, the specialized magazine “Innovative materials and technologies in metallurgy and mechanical engineering” has been available in Ukraine. The magazine is issued in Ukrainian and English twice a year, and subscription information and contact details.
The Embassy of Ukraine in the USA supports the project of the Nuclear Education Hub (NEH) to train Ukrainian citizens in Nuclear Science and Engineering. The project is developed by the George Washington University (GWU) Physics Department and Virginia Tech (VT) Nuclear Engineering Program and received initial funding from the Department of energy of USA (DOE). The NEH has two-pronged objective:
US-Ukraine faculty exchange and enrichment in nuclear science and engineering education and program development;
Offering degrees, workshops, and summer schools for training and recruitment of Ukrainian students.
NEH is a unique partnership that offers graduate-level degrees in both Nuclear Science (by GWU) and Nuclear Engineering (by VT). Ukrainian students will be enrolled into existing graduate degrees and Certificate programs at both institutions.
Under this project, GWU and VT organized the first International Workshop on US-Ukraine Cooperation on Education in Advanced Nuclear Science and Engineering (August 8-9, 2019). The workshop was opened by a statement by His Excellency Ambassador of Ukraine to the United States, Mr. Valeriy Chaly. Ambassador Chaly emphasized the importance of developing a strong collaboration between US and Ukraine in the nuclear field, in particular in the exchange of knowledge and technology for the safe, secure, and peaceful use of nuclear energy and technology. During the workshop, the George Washington University hosted the exhibition "50 inventions bestowed by Ukraine to the world".
In 2019, cooperation between Duquesne University (Pennsylvania) and Kharkiv National Medical University of Ukraine was launched. The parties have identified priorities and areas of cooperation and signed a Memorandum, which allows the joint research and exchange of students and teachers.
Educational projects of the Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine are implemented on a permanent basis. During the visit of the delegation of the Minor Academy of Sciences to participate in the International Olympiad of Geniuses in the United States in 2019, the Embassy arranged a visit to the George Washington University and a meeting with famous scientists of Ukrainian origin, and a meeting with the US-Ukraine Biotechnology Initiative.
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